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"Uninhabitable hell': Climate change and disease threaten millions, UN warns:

 
"Uninhabitable hell': Climate change and disease threaten millions, UN warns
Oct 19 · BARCELONA (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - A jump in climate-related disasters this century, along with the global coronavirus pandemic, show political and business leaders are failing to stop the planet turning into “an uninhabitable hell” for millions, the United Nations said on Monday.
The last two decades saw the number of disasters caused by extreme weather nearly double to 6,681, up from 3,656 between 1980 and 1999, according to a report issued ahead of the International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction on Oct. 13.
Worsening floods and storms accounted for about four-fifths of the total from 2000-2019 but major increases were also recorded for droughts, wildfires and ...
| By Megan Rowling    Read more ...
 

'Oven ready' climate bill to go before NI Assembly:

 
'Oven ready' climate bill to go before NI Assembly - BBC
Oct 21 · An "oven ready" climate change bill is to be presented to the Northern Ireland Assembly.
In July, the Environment Minister Edwin Poots called a motion for legislation within three months "ridiculous".
A group of legal experts, scientists, academics and environmentalists are presenting draft legislation for consideration.
It is being taken forward as a private members bill but has cross-party support.
Green Party leader Clare Bailey is the lead sponsor, but virtually all the other parties, with the exception of the DUP, are co-sponsoring it.
Ms Bailey said the bill was needed as Northern Ireland was "falling behind on a raft of climate targets and ...
| By Conor MacauleyBBC NI Agriculture & Environment Correspondent    Read more ...
 

'Severely disruptive' turbines refused on appeal:

 
'Severely disruptive' turbines refused on appeal - BBC
Oct 19 · A bid to overturn a council's refusal of a wind farm in the Scottish Borders has failed.
A Scottish government reporter concluded the development near Heriot would have a "severely disruptive" effect on the landscape.
Energiekontor had appealed against Scottish Borders Council's rejection of its eight-turbine Wull Muir scheme.
However, a reporter said it "failed to respect" the character of the area and turned down the appeal.
Councillors rejected the proposals earlier this year amid concerns about their visual impact.
It prompted developers to take the case to the Scottish government in the hope of allowing the project to proceed.
A ...
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'We cannot stop all flooding in Wales':

 
'We cannot stop all flooding in Wales' - BBC
Oct 20 · A "conversation" is needed on how flood risk is managed as the Welsh Government "cannot stop all flooding", the environment minister has said.
Its new 10-year flooding and coastal erosion strategy includes an online map so residents can check their risk.
It is hoped it will encourage people to think about changes to their properties to reduce the impact of any flooding.
This could include moving sockets higher up walls or investing in stone or wooden floors instead of carpet.
One in eight Welsh homes - around 245,000 properties - is at risk of flooding, and a further 400 homes could be lost to coastal erosion.
Environment Minister Lesley Griffiths said ...
| By Steffan MessengerBBC Wales Environment Correspondent    Read more ...
 

'Demented': Oil Giant Refreezing Rapidly Melting Permafrost So It Can Keep Climate-Killing Arctic:

 
'Demented': Oil Giant Refreezing Rapidly Melting Permafrost So It Can Keep Climate-Killing Arctic - Commondreams
Oct 19 · The effort represented such "mindless idiocy" for many that 350.org ran a "help us out with this caption" contest in response.
An oil pipeline stretches across the landscape outside Prudhoe Bay in North Slope borough, Alaska. "New absurdities from Big Oil," said the Energy Watch Group, which advocates for renewable energy, in response to the reporting. "What do you do when the Arctic is melting, threatening your drilling infrastructure - but you really don't want to stop drilling? Right, cooling the ground beneath the infrastructure and keep on drilling." (Photo illustration: Original by Bonnie Jo Mount/via Getty Images/with overlay)
Reporting out Monday detailing how ...
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'Incredibly rare' white baby sea turtle pops out of the sand on South Carolina beach:

 
'Incredibly rare' white baby sea turtle pops out of the sand on South Carolina beach - PHYS.ORG - Biology
Oct 20 · An "extremely rare" white baby sea turtle was found Sunday on a beach 25 miles south of Charleston, South Carolina, according to Kiawah Island town officials. "You can imagine the excited 'oohs' and the 'aahs' from the guests, including some College of Charleston students, when the (beach) patroller found a lone, leucistic hatchling in the nest," town officials wrote on Facebook. "It was a first for everyone."
Leucism is a condition that decreases color pigmentation, experts say, often making an animal appear white or spotted.
"Leucism is different from albinism, as albino animals have a complete loss of pigment, leaving them completely white with red or pink eyes," town ...
| By Mark Price, The Charlotte Observer    Read more ...
 

'Like the speed of the wind': Kenya's lakes rise to destructive highs:

 
'Like the speed of the wind': Kenya's lakes rise to destructive highs - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 20 · Peering into the lake, the village elder struggled to pinpoint where beneath the hyacinth and mesquite weeds lay the farm he lived in his entire life until the water rose like never before and swallowed everything. A clump of sodden straw marked the spot: the tip of his thatch hut jutting from the murky depths, all that remained of his homestead after Kenya's Lake Baringo swelled to record highs this year, submerging villages, schools, health clinics and holiday resorts.
"In my 60 years, I have never seen or experienced anything like this," said Richard Lichan Lekuterer, his gaze level with the tops of once-towering acacia trees poking above the water, the landscape altered ...
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: Climate change is a top campaign issue — at least for Democrats:

 
: Climate change is a top campaign issue — at least for Democrats
Oct 20 · Former Vice President Biden says tackling climate change is all about creating jobs. We examine his ambitious plans to make the U.S. economy carbon neutral and challenges he would face as president.
RACHEL MARTIN, BYLINE: This year, climate change is a top campaign issue, at least for Democrats. Yesterday, we looked at President Trump's record on the issue. Today, we'll explore Joe Biden's plan, which is the most ambitious climate proposal any presidential candidate has ever laid out. We've got NPR's Nathan Rott and NPR's Jeff Brady, both of our climate team, with us. Hi, guys.
JEFF BRADY, BYLINE: Good morning.
NATHAN ROTT, BYLINE: Hey.
MARTIN: So let's just ...
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: Climate finance driving poor countries deeper into debt, says Oxfam:

 
: Climate finance driving poor countries deeper into debt, says Oxfam
Oct 19 · Countries that did least to cause crisis having to take loans to protect themselves, says charity
Fiona Harvey Environment correspondent
Billions of dollars are being loaned on high-interest terms to poor countries seeking help to cope with the impacts of climate breakdown, according to an Oxfam report.
The loan terms risk storing up debt burdens lasting far into the future, the charity says.
Poor countries are reported to have received about $60bn (£45bn) of climate finance from rich governments and publicly funded institutions in 2017-18, the latest year for which reliable data is available. Oxfam estimates that the amount that actually reached them was ...
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: Coal plant pollution has led to fish consumption warnings around SC:

 
: Coal plant pollution has led to fish consumption warnings around SC
Oct 19 · Lee Thomas, an employee with Georgetown Sea Tow, puts a boat in the water at the East Bay Park boat landing to test out a new engine on Wednesday, October 14, 2020. Lauren Petracca/Staff
Santee Cooper’s Winya Generating Station operates in Georgetown on Wednesday, October 14, 2020. Lauren Petracca/Staff
Mary Ulias of Surfside Beach checks a crab trap at the East Bay Park boat landing in Georgetown on Wednesday, October 14, 2020. Lauren Petracca/Staff
A health advisory alerting of high mercury in fish is posted near the East Bay Street Landing, a popular spot for boating and fishing, in Georgetown on Wednesday, October 14, 2020. Lauren Petracca/Staff
Marilyn ...
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: ExxonMobil's supposed shift on climate belies its donations to climate deniers:

 
: ExxonMobil's supposed shift on climate belies its donations to climate deniers
Oct 20 · After decades of public denial, ExxonMobil now acknowledges that “the risk of climate change is real” and says it is “committed to being part of the solution,” at least according to the company’s website and statements. To that end, the largest investor-owned oil company in the world claims it supports a federal carbon tax and the Paris climate agreement.
But the company’s recently released grantmaking report shows that it has not ended its two-decade-long campaign to stymie government efforts to address climate change. By ExxonMobil’s own accounting, it gave $690,000 to eight climate science denier groups in 2019, a 10 percent drop ...
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: ExxonMobil, after Trump's fundraising remarks, says its CEO and Trump had no phone call:

 
: ExxonMobil, after Trump's fundraising remarks, says its CEO and Trump had no phone call
Oct 19 · President Trump speaks at a campaign rally in Prescott, Arizona, on Monday. Photo: Caitlin O'Hara/Getty Images
ExxonMobil issued a statement Monday denying anyone from the company had spoken with President Trump after he used the firm as an example of how he could use his position to out-raise his Democratic rival Joe Biden.
What they're saying: "We are aware of the President’s statement regarding a hypothetical call with our CEO… and just so we're all clear, it never happened," Exxon said.
Driving the news: Trump said at a rally in Arizona on Monday afternoon, "All I have to do is call up the head of every Wall Street firm, head of every major ...
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: Fed's Bostic says significant portions of U:

 
: Fed's Bostic says significant portions of U
Oct 19 · (Reuters) - It will be a while before the U.S. economy is fully recovered and before the Federal Reserve will raise interest rates or remove the support it is providing financial markets, Atlanta Federal Reserve Bank President Raphael Bostic said on Monday.
“On balance, I am comfortable with our current policy stance,” Bostic said in remarks prepared for a virtual event organized for the Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association Annual Meeting. “As I have detailed today, though the U.S. economy continues to show clear signs of recovery, there remain significant portions where the recovery has been weak or nonexistent.”
The Fed moved quickly to support the ...
| By Reuters Staff    Read more ...
 

: Markets are divesting you from fossil fuels:

 
: Markets are divesting you from fossil fuels
Oct 20 · Wind turbines encircle a pump jack near Guymon, Oklahoma on Sept. 25, 2020.
One of the oldest components of the Dow Jones Industrial Average disappeared from the popular market benchmark at the end of August. ExxonMobil Corp., a member since 1928 (when it was Standard Oil of New Jersey) and the world’s most valuable company as recently as 2011, had fallen in value over recent years, but it was finally ousted for technical reasons. That month, Apple Inc. announced a 4-for-1 stock split. The subsequent drop in the iPhone maker’s stock price narrowed its share of the price-weighted Dow. The index provider opted to adjust its component ...
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: Newsom uses executive orders to press climate change agenda as California burns:

 
: Newsom uses executive orders to press climate change agenda as California burns
Oct 17 · California Gov. Gavin Newsom is putting his state on a much more aggressive path to slash emissions.
Newsom, a Democrat, isn't waiting for his state's legislature to act. He's using his executive authority to set new climate mandates, putting California leaps and bounds ahead of most other states, the federal government, and even other countries.
The policies are earning him early praise from environmentalists who, though wishing he'd take a stronger stance on fossil fuels, say Newsom's actions are a down payment on what California must do to reduce its emissions to help slow global warming. That could ultimately give Newsom a leg up as he eyes national political ...
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: Pennsylvanians want a lot from their lawmakers when it comes to climate change:

 
: Pennsylvanians want a lot from their lawmakers when it comes to climate change
Oct 20 · Students from Susquehanna Township and Cedar Cliff high schools demonstrate for action on climate change in front of the state capitol on Friday, December 6, 2019.
Rachel McDevitt / WITF
StateImpact Pennsylvania’s Rachel McDevitt produced this story as part of the America Amplified initiative using community engagement to inform and strengthen local, regional and national journalism. WITF and StateImpact Pennsylvania are part of America Amplified, a public media initiative funded by the Corporation for Public Broadcasting.
The November election will likely have big consequences for climate policy in the United States.
It comes at a critical time. ...
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: Texas disputes study finding that taxpayers are on the hook for capping abandoned oil and gas wells:

 
: Texas disputes study finding that taxpayers are on the hook for capping abandoned oil and gas wells
Oct 19 · An engineer prepares to a pressure test on an abandoned oil well in preparation for capping the well.
(The Center Square) – The state of Texas is disputing a study that said taxpayers will on the hook for plugging abandoned oil and gas wells.
A recent study by the group Carbon Tracker estimated Texas taxpayers will have to pay $117 billion to cap abandoned wells.
Not so, Andrew Keese, spokesman for the Texas Railroad Commission, told The Center Square.
“Taxpayers do not foot the bill for the Railroad Commission’s state-managed plugging program,” Keese said.
State law requires that oil and gas companies plug their own wells once they are no longer in ...
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0.5°C matters: Seasonal contrast of rainfall becomes intense in warming target of the Paris Agreement:

 
0.5°C matters: Seasonal contrast of rainfall becomes intense in warming target of the Paris Agreement - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 5 · The Paris Agreement in 2015 proposed a target to limit global warming to less than 2 degrees C and pursue efforts to limit warming to less than 1.5 degrees C. Since then, great efforts have been devoted to exploring the impacts of the 1.5 degrees C and 2 degrees C warming scenarios. A recent work published in Earth's Future by a team of researchers from the Institute of Atmospheric Physics (IAP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences has found that the seasonal cycle of precipitation is likely to enhance at stabilized 1.5 degrees C and 2 degrees C warming scenarios.
"Based on the output data of the Community Earth System Model low-warming experiment, we conclude that the ...
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10 million snowblowers? Last-ditch ideas to save the Arctic ice:

 
10 million snowblowers? Last-ditch ideas to save the Arctic ice
Oct 20 · Some of the solutions sound fantastical – but their proponents argue that there are precious few other options
Nils Adler
Time is running out for the Arctic. The region continues to warm at two or three times the global rate and scientists now predict that we could see Arctic summer ice disappear as early as 2042.
As the realization sets in that existing emission reductions and renewable energy programs in place won’t be enough to save the Arctic, alternative geoengineering projects have gained traction as scientists look for a last-ditch solution. Some of them sound fantastical – but their proponents argue that there are precious few other options.
The ...
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75 ways Trump made America dirtier and the planet warmer:

 
75 ways Trump made America dirtier and the planet warmer - Guardian - Climate Change
Oct 2 · "I want crystal clean water and air."
That's what Donald Trump said in the first chaotic presidential debate with Joe Biden. But there is scant evidence of that desire in the actions of his administration, which has spent nearly four years systematically dismantling core environmental protections, some of which stretch back decades.
Experts agree that the climate crisis's most destructive manifestations, on display in a particularly difficult year for the US, barely scratch the surface of the catastrophes to come. Yet the president appears unmoved by the enormous wildfires, devastating hurricanes, widespread water problems and persistent air pollution that ...
| By Alvin Chang, Emily Holden, Oliver Milman and Noa Yachot    Read more ...
 

A Blockchain-Enabled Smart Meter for Clean Power Trading?:

 
A Blockchain-Enabled Smart Meter for Clean Power Trading? - Green Tech Media
Oct 21 · Blockchain’s energy sector uses range from the highly speculative—think peer-to-peer energy trading using cryptocurrency raised in initial coin offerings (ICOs)—to more incremental efforts, grounded in real-world challenges of operating an increasingly decentralized power grid.The latter describes how utilities and energy market operators are applying blockchain as a distributed ledger technology to track renewable energy from the point of generation to the point of trade. That can bring new levels of visibility and efficiency to the complex processes that govern the multi-billion dollar trade in renewable energy certificates (RECs).
Major European utilities ...
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A climate scientist’s up-close personal encounter with a nearby record-setting Colorado wildfire:

 
A climate scientist’s up-close personal encounter with a nearby record-setting Colorado wildfire - Yale Climate Connections - Weather
Oct 19 · FORT COLLINS, CO. – Where I live there’s a spectacular gradient of climate and vegetation extending from the semi-arid grassland around cities (5,000 ft / 1.5 km) where five-million people live to the tundra and snowfields along the Continental Divide (13,000 ft / 4 km) above sea level.
In the past decade, wildfire has burned up the whole damned thing!
In the sweltering summer of 2012, we were besieged by the High Park fire. My mother died of chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder that summer, her lungs ruined by a lifetime of cigarettes and weeks of wildfire smoke.
Now, in the upper reaches of the currently raging Cameron Peak fire scar, the stinging ...
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A diversified field produces a higher yield:

 
A diversified field produces a higher yield - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 20 · Farmers can earn more by developing their fields to be more diversified as the fertility of soil improves. At the same time, carbon can also be sequestered. When the aim is to shift from a monoculture towards improved soil fertility, carbon sequestration and positive environmental impact, studies have shown that the best ways include increased plant cover, more diversified crops and crop rotation. Increased diversification in farming is the current trend.
Mixed cropping and improved crop rotation
Finland is focusing in particular on the long-term impact of direct seeding and organic crops, as well as on catch crops. In Southern Europe, the range of methods can include ...
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A gecko-adhesive gripper for the Astrobee free-flying robot:

 
A gecko-adhesive gripper for the Astrobee free-flying robot - PHYS.ORG - Technology
Oct 20 · Robots that can fly autonomously in space, also known as free-flying robots, could soon assist humans in a variety of settings. However, most existing free-flying robots are limited in their ability to grasp and manipulate objects in their surroundings, which may prevent them from being applied on a large-scale. Two labs at Stanford University, namely the Biomimetics & Dexterous Manipulation Lab (BDML) and the Autonomous Systems Lab (ASL), have been trying to develop gecko-inspired technologies that could enhance the manipulation capabilities of free-flying robots. The BDML group at Stanford has expertise in the manufacturing and use of gecko-inspired adhesives for robotics ...    Read more ...
 

A global collaboration to move artificial intelligence principles to practice:

 
A global collaboration to move artificial intelligence principles to practice - MIT - Research
Oct 19 · Suggestions or feedback?
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A new bacteria from diseased walnut discovered in Portugal:

 
A new bacteria from diseased walnut discovered in Portugal - PHYS.ORG - Biology
Oct 19 · Bacteria recently isolated from walnut (Juglans regia L.) buds in Portugal has been identified as a new species of Xanthomonas. Interestingly, this new species, named Xanthomonas euroxanthea, includes both pathogenic and non-pathogenic strains on walnut, constituting a unique model to address the emergence and evolution of pathogenicity in Xanthomonas. This discovery resulted from an international collaboration within the framework of European Cooperation in Science & Technology, COST Action EuroXanth. The scientific evidence that validates this new species, X. euroxanthea was published in the International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology.
The work leading ...
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A new federalism can meet the climate challenge:

 
A new federalism can meet the climate challenge - Greenbiz
Oct 21 · Illustration of Washington, D.C. landmarks
In recent years, U.S. state and local governments continued stepping up to demonstrate strong leadership in addressing the climate challenge, even when facing headwinds from the federal level. They continue to make progress, all while leading responses to the COVID-19 pandemic and combatting extreme weather events. Still, the possibility of eventual federal reengagement on climate solutions puts in question the future roles of state and local governments in carrying out such policies.
To take a closer look at which strengths these levels of government can leverage, WRI convened a group of thought leaders among current and former ...
| By Nicholas Bianco & Frank Litz & Devashree Saha & Tyler Clevenger & Dan Lashof    Read more ...
 

A renewable solution to keep cool in a warming world:

 
A renewable solution to keep cool in a warming world - PHYS.ORG - Technology
Oct 19 · Month-on-month, year-on-year, the world continues to experience record high temperatures. In response to this and exacerbated by a growing global population, it is expected that air-conditioning demand will continue to rise. A new IIASA-led study explored the pros and cons of seawater air-conditioning as an alternative cooling solution. Conventional air-conditioning (AC) is the most common technology used for cooling and represents a considerable share of energy demand in warmer regions. An alternative that is not frequently considered, is seawater air-conditioning (SWAC) - a renewable alternative for cooling that involves pumping seawater from ocean depths of around 700 to 1200 ...    Read more ...
 

A telework transition won't slash emissions unless we make car-free lifestyles viable:

 
A telework transition won't slash emissions unless we make car-free lifestyles viable - Greenbiz
Oct 20 · Is working from home sustainable?
Even before the pandemic, the proportion of people working from home was slowly but steadily increasing. But COVID-19 has put the practice into hyperdrive. Down from an April peak of about 47 percent in the United Kingdom, recent reports suggest that 20 percent of those in employment still work exclusively from home, with many more continuing to do so at least some of the time.
The benefits of reduced office costs - and the realization that staff are actually fairly productive at home - has led to many big tech firms encouraging their employees to keep working from home, perhaps indefinitely. Up to 90 percentof those who have worked from ...
| By Hannah Budnitz & Emmanouil Tranos & Lee Chapman    Read more ...
 

A trillion turns of light nets terahertz polarized bytes:

 
A trillion turns of light nets terahertz polarized bytes - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 19 · U.S. and Italian engineers have demonstrated the first nanophotonic platform capable of manipulating polarized light 1 trillion times per second. "Polarized light can be used to encode bits of information, and we've shown it's possible to modulate such light at terahertz frequencies," said Rice University's Alessandro Alabastri, co-corresponding author of a study published this week in Nature Photonics.
"This could potentially be used in wireless communications," said Alabastri, an assistant professor of electrical and computer engineering in Rice's Brown School of Engineering. "The higher the operating frequency of a signal, the faster it can transmit data. One terahertz ...
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Admiral In Charge Of Bin Laden Raid Endorses Biden In Stinging Trump Rebuke:

 
Admiral In Charge Of Bin Laden Raid Endorses Biden In Stinging Trump Rebuke - Huffington Post
Oct 20 · Retired four-star Adm. William McRaven, who led the U.S. Special Operations Command from 2011 to 2014, endorsed Democratic nominee Joe Biden in an editorial published on Monday by The Wall Street Journal.
“This week I went to the polls in Texas,” wrote McRaven, who oversaw the raid that led to the 2011 killing of terrorist leader Osama bin Laden. “Truth be told, I am a pro-life, pro-Second Amendment, small-government, strong-defense and a national-anthem-standing conservative.”
He added:
But, I also believe that black lives matter, that the Dreamers deserve a path to citizenship, that diversity and inclusion are essential to our national success, that education is ...
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After 2 hurricanes, Lake Charles fears its cries for help have gone unheard:

 
After 2 hurricanes, Lake Charles fears its cries for help have gone unheard
Oct 20 · The city was shredded by Hurricanes Laura and Delta. But the needs of Lake Charles have been overlooked in a year of disaster and unrest.
Blue tarps covered many roofs in Lake Charles, La., this month, after the city was devastated by both Hurricane Laura and Hurricane Delta.Credit...William Widmer for The New York Times
LAKE CHARLES, La. - That first drive through Lake Charles after Hurricane Laura had been a gut punch. Trinette Thomas felt a barrage of surprise and despair as she strained to absorb the destruction surrounding her and imagine the lengths it would take to stagger back. Then, another storm hit.
The shock subsided quickly, replaced by the tedium and ...
| By Rick Rojas    Read more ...
 

After taking on plastic, Bali sisters want bar raised on climate action:

 
After taking on plastic, Bali sisters want bar raised on climate action
Oct 20 · BADUNG, Indonesia (Reuters) - Dismayed by the plastic waste strewn over their home island of Bali, sisters Melati and Isabel Wijsen have channelled Ted Talks and international conferences in raising global awareness through a youth-led movement to try to eliminate the scourge.
It was not “rocket science,” said Melati, 19, of the plastic waste problem that prompted the sisters to set up their “Bye Bye Plastic Bags” initiative seven years ago.
The campaign has grown internationally, with Bali leading the way in Indonesia banning single-use plastic bags.
The sisters aren’t resting on their laurels, however. Tackling climate change is now among the world’s most ...
| By Wayan Sukarda    Read more ...
 

Air pollution costs Europe cities $190bn a year: analysis:

 
Air pollution costs Europe cities $190bn a year: analysis - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 21 · Air pollution costs inhabitants of European cities more than 160 billion euros ($190 billion) each year due to long- and short-term health impacts, a group of environmental and social watchdogs said in research published Wednesday. In a sweeping analysis of air quality, health and transport data in more than 400 cities, the CE Delft alliance said that pollution from fossil fuels in 2018 cost the average citizen 1,250 euros - about 4 percent of their annual income.
Air pollution increases the likelihood of developing conditions that are known risk factors for COVID-19, they said.
"Our findings provide additional evidence that reducing air pollution in European cities ...
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Airbus Moves Ahead With Zero Emissions Plane: BNEF Update:

 
Airbus Moves Ahead With Zero Emissions Plane: BNEF Update - Bloomberg
Oct 20 · BloombergNEF’s annual summit in London runs this week, gathering policy makers, financiers and industry executives.
Key speakers include EON SE Chief Executive Officer Johannes Teyssen, ScottishPower’s CEO Keith Anderson, Audrey Zibelman from the Australian Energy Market Operator and Glen Llewellyn, vice president of the zero emissions aircraft unit of Airbus SE.
They’re discussing the pace of the global transition toward cleaner energy, how utilities adapt to a grid relying on more renewables and the future of transportation as governments cut back on fossil-fuels.
Here are the latest developments, updated throughout the day. (Timestamps are ...
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Airbus unveils world's first zero-emission commercial aircrafts:

 
Airbus unveils world's first zero-emission commercial aircrafts - Inhabitat
Oct 20 · European aerospace corporation Airbus has unveiled three designs for the world’s first zero-emission commercial aircrafts that would rely on hydrogen as a primary power source. Collectively dubbed ZEROe, the climate-neutral, zero-emission concepts are designed to carry maximum passenger loads between 100 and 200 people for flights that range from short-haul trips to transcontinental journeys. Airbus’ hydrogen-powered commercial aircrafts could enter service as early as 2035.
Revealed in late September, Airbus’ three concept designs are primarily fueled by hydrogen but differ in aerodynamic configurations and technological pathways. They will be further evaluated and assessed ...
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Alaska Senate candidate hopes to ride Democratic wave:

 
Alaska Senate candidate hopes to ride Democratic wave
Oct 20 · JUNEAU, Alaska -- Al Gross commands a fishing boat as a narrator describes him prospecting for gold and killing a grizzly bear in self-defense in an ad meant to underscore a central theme of Gross' U.S. Senate campaign as an independent: that he knows Alaska.
“Out here," he says as the boat rocks on the water, “if you can’t think for yourself, you won’t survive.”
Gross, a doctor running with Democratic support, is challenging Republican U.S. Sen. Dan Sullivan in a state that has long been a GOP stronghold, outraising Sullivan and putting Republicans on the defensive. Across the country, Republicans are nervous about Senate seats like Sullivan’s they once thought safe as ...
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All-female scientific coalition calls for protection of Antarctic Peninsula:

 
All-female scientific coalition calls for protection of Antarctic Peninsula
Oct 19 · BUENOS AIRES (Reuters) - Climate change and human activity are harming Antarctica and threatening wildlife from humpback whales to microscopic algae, more than 280 scientists and conservation experts say in urging protections for the icy region.
The coalition - all women - called for creating a new marine protection area around Antarctica, as governments on Monday began a two-week meeting of the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources.
Two Antarctica areas are already protected: The South Orkney Islands and the Ross Sea. The new protection area, proposed in 2018 by commission members Chile and Argentina, would cover the western Antarctic ...
| By Cassandra Garrison    Read more ...
 

Amazon fake reviews reach holiday season levels during pandemic:

 
Amazon fake reviews reach holiday season levels during pandemic - PHYS.ORG - Technology
Oct 19 · Fake reviews on Amazon.com Inc. during the pandemic have reached levels typically seen during the holiday shopping season. About 42% of 720 million Amazon reviews assessed by the monitoring service Fakespot Inc. from March through September were unreliable, up from about 36% for the same period last year. The rise in fake reviews corresponded with the stampede online of millions of virus-avoiding shoppers.
"We've only seen those kinds of numbers in the Black Friday or Christmas period in 2019," said Fakespot founder and Chief Executive Officer Saoud Khalifah. "In 2020, the surge of fake reviews has proliferated in a rapid manner coinciding with lockdown measures in the U.S.." ...
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Amson Eaglin/USDA:

 
Amson Eaglin/USDA - Union of Concerned Scientists - Science and Democracy
Oct 19 · Even while the US election and election-related news, advertising, and commentary seem to be everywhere we look, the day-to-day work of our government continues to affect public health, safety, security, and the environment for people everywhere, here and abroad. Hundreds of thousands of civil service professionals in federal, state, tribal, and local agencies are responsible for everything from clean air and water to consumer product safety; from health care services to worker protection; from weather forecasts and conserving marine life to wildfire control and endangered species protection. All federal agencies have one thing in common: their missions are all focused on serving ...    Read more ...
 

An electric Hummer? Battery-powered trucks head to showrooms:

 
An electric Hummer? Battery-powered trucks head to showrooms - PHYS.ORG - Technology
Oct 21 · Seven auto companies have plans to roll out new battery-powered pickup trucks over the next two years, aiming to cash in on a popular and lucrative market for expensive vehicles. General Motors is among them, and on Tuesday its GMC brand introduced a new electric Hummer pickup, with a high-end version due in showrooms sometime in the fall of next year.
The Hummer will be joined by crosstown rival Ford's electric F-150, Tesla's Cybertruck and pickups from four startup companies. All intend to start producing them between June of next year and the end of 2022.
Prices announced thus far show they range from roughly $40,000 for a base Cybertruck to a loaded off-road Hummer ...
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An integrated circuit of pure magnons:

 
An integrated circuit of pure magnons - PHYS.ORG - Technology
Oct 20 · The new circuit is extremely tiny, with a streamlined, 2-D design that requires about 10 times less energy than the most advanced computer chips available today, which use CMOS technology. While the current magnon configuration is not as fast as CMOS, the successful demonstration can now be explored further for other applications, such as quantum or neuromorphic computing.
Successful collaboration
The prototype is the culmination of four years of effort funded through Andrii Chumak's European Research Council (ERC) Starting Grant, and close collaboration with Jun.-Prof. Dr. Philipp Pirro at TUK, and Dr. Qi Wang, who is currently a postdoc at University of Vienna. ...
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An overall picture: The environmental impacts of a new solar cell technology:

 
An overall picture: The environmental impacts of a new solar cell technology - PHYS.ORG - Technology
Oct 21 · A more efficient solar panel sounds great. But what if these new panels consume more toxic materials, or their production consumes a lot of energy? Leiden environmental scientists, together with colleagues from the Fraunhofer ISE, address this multifaceted question in a new publication in the journal Energy & Environmental Science. More efficient solar cells
Current solar panels are usually made of silicon. This material is cheap and non-toxic, but it is not very efficient at converting sunlight into electricity. A more advanced type of solar cell technology (III-V/silicon tandem solar cells) incorporates very thin layers of elements such as gallium, indium and arsenic on top ...
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Antarctic ozone hole is one of the largest and deepest in recent years:

 
Antarctic ozone hole is one of the largest and deepest in recent years - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 20 · Measurements from the Copernicus Sentinel-5P satellite show that this year's ozone hole over the Antarctic is one of the largest and deepest in recent years. A detailed analyses from the German Aerospace Center indicates that the hole has now reached its maximum size. The size of the ozone hole fluctuates on a regular basis. From August to October, the ozone hole increases in size - reaching a maximum between mid-September and mid-October. When temperatures high up in the stratosphere start to rise in the southern hemisphere, the ozone depletion slows, the polar vortex weakens and finally breaks down, and by the end of December ozone levels return to normal.
This year, ...
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Antarctic sea ice may not cap carbon emissions as much as previously thought:

 
Antarctic sea ice may not cap carbon emissions as much as previously thought - MIT - Global Change
Oct 1 · Suggestions or feedback?
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Arctic review – stark eco warnings from the ice-braving hunters who battled whales:

 
Arctic review – stark eco warnings from the ice-braving hunters who battled whales - Guardian - Climate Change
Oct 2 · British Museum, London From sleds made of bones to supernatural sealskin hunting suits, this stirring show celebrates the heroism and ingenuity of humans who survive in balance with nature
A whaling suit towers up, as if some muscular occupant is still inside, looming over you. The suit, one of the highlights of this mind-expanding dive into Arctic cultures, is the Moby-Dick of clothes. Created by the Kalaallit people of south-west Greenland some time before 1834, it is like a modern survival suit: it could even be inflated by blowing into a tube. Except – it’s made of sealskin. Wearing this watertight armour, a hunter would leap from a small boat on to a whale’s back and ...
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As Miami keeps building, rising seas deepen its social divide:

 
As Miami keeps building, rising seas deepen its social divide - Greenbiz
Oct 20 · A bird's-eye view of the Miami, Florida shoreline.
There is an inescapable truth about life in South Florida: This low-lying region is set to be swallowed by the sea. An array of powers - municipal, state, federal and private - have begun to plan and borrow and spend to defend Miami and its environs.
But as sea levels steadily rise, the porous limestone rock its residents walk on every day means there is no stopping the Atlantic Ocean.
The sea at the southern end of the Florida Peninsula has risen a foot since the 1900s and almost 5 inches since 1993. The ocean reclaims chunks of land in the fall and spring during so called "sunny day" floods, which have become ...
| By Mario Alejandro Ariza    Read more ...
 

As the Cameron Peak Fire grows, so do COVID-19 cases among its firefighters:

 
As the Cameron Peak Fire grows, so do COVID-19 cases among its firefighters
Oct 19 · The fight is on against the Cameron Peak Fire, but the Colorado wildfire - the largest in state history - is not the only battle its firefighters are facing.
COVID-19 cases among Cameron Peak firefighters and support personnel nearly doubled last week, going from 23 confirmed cases on Oct. 7 to 43 on Wednesday. It is the second-largest active COVID-19 outbreak in Larimer County, according to outbreak data posted by the county health department. Cases connected to Colorado State University, which have been combined into one outbreak in outbreak data, make up the largest outbreak in the county.
The surge in cases related to the wildfire marked the largest increase in ...
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Attenborough polar ship set to begin sea trials:

 
Attenborough polar ship set to begin sea trials - BBC
Oct 21 · Britain's new polar ship, the Sir David Attenborough, is all set to leave its Merseyside construction yard.
Four years in the making, the £200m vessel is about to venture out on a series of sea trials.
Sirens, tugboats and water cannon are expected to mark the Attenborough's departure from builder Cammell Laird's wet dock at Birkenhead.
Initially, the ship will only travel a few hundred metres down-river to Liverpool city's cruise terminal.
But in the coming days she will sail across the north Wales coast to Holyhead, which will be her base for the next year.
Departure from Cammell Laird should occur at about 14:20 BST, shortly ...
| By Jonathan AmosBBC Science Correspondent    Read more ...
 

Attenborough says Covid is 'threat to environment':

 
Attenborough says Covid is 'threat to environment' - BBC
Oct 21 · Sir David Attenborough said the Covid-19 pandemic was a threat to the environment as politicians deal with the crisis instead of climate change.
The naturalist and broadcaster expressed his fears to environmental activist Greta Thunberg at a virtual wildlife film festival in Bristol.
The 94-year-old said Thunberg had given the world hope by energising young people to fight for the environment.
The teenager also praised Sir David's new film A Life On Our Planet.
Sir David said several international climate conferences had been cancelled because of Covid-19.
"I am worried that people will take their eyes off the environmental issue because of the ...
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Banks face 'cataclysmic market challenges' from warming:

 
Banks face 'cataclysmic market challenges' from warming
Oct 19 · Avery Ellfeldt, E&E News reporter
The biggest U.S. banks are significantly more vulnerable to climate risks than they previously have disclosed, according to a new report that examined banking loans to carbon-intensive industries.
Tom Brenner/Reuters/Newscom
If President Trump wants to shake up the final weeks of his reelection campaign by lobbing a nuclear weapon into a storm, nothing can stop him.
Tom Williams/CQ Roll Call/Newscom
Rep. Brian Fitzpatrick is one of the only congressional carbon tax Republicans, and he's hoping that independent streak is enough to fend off President Trump's name at the top of the ticket next month.
Tom ...
| By Nick Sobczyk in E&E Daily 7:11 AM EDT    Read more ...
 

Beekeepers Determined To Avoid Getting Stung By Pandemic Shutdowns:

 
Beekeepers Determined To Avoid Getting Stung By Pandemic Shutdowns - Huffington Post
Oct 19 · IOLA, Wis. (AP) - They wrote it right into their business plan -– an expectation that, each year, at least half the stock on which their livelihood depends would die.
Building a business around bees is not for the faint-hearted. “You have to be a little crazy,” says James Cook, who, with wife Samantha Jones, started beekeeping eight years ago. They knew well the challenges their bees face –- parasites and the impact of pesticides among them.
Even so, they were hopeful. 2020 was to be their year to go off on their own, after working several years for another beekeeper. They and their bees spent the past winter in California’s massive almond orchards, full of white ...
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Belching Cows and Endless Feedlots: Fixing Cattle’s Climate Issues - The New York Times:

 
Belching Cows and Endless Feedlots: Fixing Cattle’s Climate Issues - The New York Times - New York Times - Climate Forward
Oct 21 · The United States is home to 95 million cattle, and changing what they eat could have a significant effect on emissions of greenhouse gases like methane that are warming the world.
A cloud of manure and dust floats over the F-Troop feed yard in Hereford, Texas, which holds up to 25,000 cattle.Credit...
Photographs and Video by George Steinmetz
Mr. Fountain and Mr. Steinmetz traveled to the Texas Panhandle to understand the nation’s immense cattle feedlots.
HAPPY, Texas - Randy Shields looked out at a sea of cattle at the sprawling Wrangler Feedyard - 46,000 animals milling about in the dry Panhandle air as a feed truck swept by on its way to their ...
| By Henry Fountain    Read more ...
 

Biden climate team quietly plans transition:

 
Biden climate team quietly plans transition
Oct 21 · Jason Bordoff. Photo credit: Norsk olje og gass/Flickr
Jason Bordoff, a former energy adviser to President Obama, is offering climate guidance to Joe Biden's presidential campaign. Norsk olje og gass/Flickr
An array of academics, alumni of past administrations and think tank analysts have been serving the Biden campaign for months as volunteer advisers on climate change.
Campaign staff for the former vice president have solicited and received memos, proposals and even model executive orders from these informal advisers, outlining how a Biden administration could quickly reverse President Trump's antagonistic approach toward environmental policies.
The ...
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Biden's Approach To Brazil's Bolsonaro Could Prove He's Serious About Climate Change:

 
Biden's Approach To Brazil's Bolsonaro Could Prove He's Serious About Climate Change - Huffington Post
Oct 20 · As record numbers of fires scorched the Amazon rainforest during each of the past two summers, far-right Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro knew where to turn for refuge from international scorn: the United States. President Donald Trump is an ideological ally and one of the few world leaders whose climate skepticism matches Bolsonaro’s own.
At the first presidential debate in early October, however, Democratic nominee Joe Biden made clear that if he were to defeat Trump in November’s election, the U.S. government would no longer sympathize with climate change denial. Biden said he would create a $20 billion international fund to incentivize Brazil to stop tearing down the ...
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Big solar farms could dominate the future of a Utah hamlet trying to preserve its small-town feel:

 
Big solar farms could dominate the future of a Utah hamlet trying to preserve its small-town feel
Oct 19 · Two local companies have offered to supply solar power from an Abu Dhabi project at a record-low price, according to Sharif Al Olama, under-secretary at the UAE’s Ministry of Energy & Infrastructure.
Abu Dhabi National Energy Co., also known as Taqa, and Masdar Abu Dhabi Future Energy Co. have said they can sell power at 1.35 U.S. cents per kilowatt-hour from a new 2-gigawatt photovoltaic plant in the emirate. They are partnering with Electricite de France SA and China’s Jinko Power Technology Co.
The UAE is “revising and refreshing our energy strategy and roadmap,” Al Olama said during a conference on Monday. “These kinds of prices are ...
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Big Tech and antitrust: where things stand:

 
Big Tech and antitrust: where things stand - PHYS.ORG - Technology
Oct 20 · The US antitrust suit against Google is just one of several actions in the United States against the massive firms which have become increasingly dominant in parts of the economy. Even as the massive case against Google works its way through the system, Amazon, Apple and Facebook could also find themselves in the crosshairs of regulators.
A Justice Department official said in announcing the Google lawsuit that the agency's review of internet platforms is ongoing.
"Today's review is a milestone but not a stopping point," Deputy Attorney General Jeffrey Rosen said.
The combined value of Amazon, Apple, Facebook and Google based on share price has more than tripled ...
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Biochar helps hold water, saves money:

 
Biochar helps hold water, saves money - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 19 · The abstract benefits of biochar for long-term storage of carbon and nitrogen on American farms are clear, and now new research from Rice University shows a short-term, concrete bonus for farmers as well. That would be money. To be precise, money not spent on irrigation.
In the best-case scenarios for some regions, extensive use of biochar could save farmers a little more than 50% of the water they now use to grow crops. That represents a significant immediate savings to go with the established environmental benefits of biochar.
The open-access study appears in the journal GCB Bioenergy.
Biochar is basically charcoal produced through pyrolysis, the high-temperature ...
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Black Americans in ‘Cancer Alley' disproportionately exposed to toxic pollution:

 
Black Americans in ‘Cancer Alley' disproportionately exposed to toxic pollution
Oct 18 · In St. James Parish, Louisiana, residents face some of the highest cancer risks in the country due to air pollution from the nearby 85-mile industrial corridor. Taiwanese plastics company Formosa plans to build a 2,400 acre site that could double the toxic emissions in the parish.Oct. 18, 2020
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Bringing construction projects to the digital world:

 
Bringing construction projects to the digital world - MIT - Media Lab
Oct 21 · Suggestions or feedback?
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Cathay Pacific to cut workforce by nearly a quarter:

 
Cathay Pacific to cut workforce by nearly a quarter - PHYS.ORG - Technology
Oct 21 · Cathay Pacific announced plans Wednesday to cut its workforce by nearly a quarter and close one of its short-haul airlines in an effort to survive the "devastating" impacts of the coronavirus pandemic. Across the globe, airlines have been hammered as the pandemic has slashed international travel, and they face a long, hard winter after a much-hoped-for rebound failed to materialise.
Cathay Pacific, Hong Kong's flag carrier, published a corporate restructuring plan on Wednesday that will lead to 8,500 job losses in total - nearly a quarter of its workforce - and one of its airlines to disappear completely.
"The global pandemic continues to have a devastating impact on ...
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Changing carbon-to-nitrogen ratios of organic-matter export under ocean acidification:

 
Changing carbon-to-nitrogen ratios of organic-matter export under ocean acidification - Nature Climate Change
Oct 19 · Ocean acidification (OA) will affect marine biotas from the organism to the ecosystem level. Yet, the consequences for the biological carbon pump and thereby the oceanic sink for atmospheric CO2 are still unclear. Here we show that OA considerably alters the C/N ratio of organic-matter export (C/Nexport), a key factor determining efficiency of the biological pump. By synthesizing sediment-trap data from in situ mesocosm studies in different marine biomes, we find distinct but highly variable impacts of OA on C/Nexport, reaching up to a 20% increase/decrease under partial pressure of CO2 (\(p_{{\rm{CO}}_{2}}\)) conditions projected for 2100. These changes are driven by ...    Read more ...
 

Cheaper renewable power may drive economic recovery, Lazard says:

 
Cheaper renewable power may drive economic recovery, Lazard says
Oct 19 · Wind and solar power have become even cheaper compared to fossil fuels in the past year, making them an attractive way to stimulate economies recovering from the Covid-19 pandemic, according to Lazard Ltd.
Without subsidies, the cost of energy from onshore wind has fallen to as low as $26 a megawatt-hour while utility-scale solar is as cheap as $29, according to the New York firm’s annual levelized cost of energy analysis released Monday. That undercuts even the most efficient type of new gas-fired turbines. The declines have been so significant for renewables that they’re becoming competitive against, or cheaper than, existing gas plants. The gap becomes even ...
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Chemists develop new material for the separation of carbon dioxide from industrial waste gases:

 
Chemists develop new material for the separation of carbon dioxide from industrial waste gases - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 20 · Chemists at the University of Bayreuth have developed a material that could well make an important contribution to climate protection and sustainable industrial production. With this material, the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide (CO2) can be specifically separated from industrial waste gases, natural gas, or biogas, and thereby made available for recycling. The separation process is both energy efficient and cost-effective. In the journal Cell Reports Physical Science the researchers present the structure and function of the material. The Green Deal presented by the European Commission in 2019 calls for the net emissions of greenhouse gases within the EU to be reduced to zero by 2050. ...    Read more ...
 

China hits out at US climate record, in pointed message ahead of election:

 
China hits out at US climate record, in pointed message ahead of election - Climate Change News - Politics
Oct 19 · In an extraordinary diplomatic attack, Beijing suggested “troublemaker” US must answer to the international community for breaking the consensus on climate change
President of China Xi Jinping (Photo: GCIS/Government ZA/Flickr)
China has slammed the US’ environmental and climate record, in an extraordinary public attack less than two weeks before Americans go to the polls.
A “factsheet” published by China’s ministry of foreign affairs on Monday described the US as being “widely viewed as a consensus-breaker and a troublemaker”. It accused Washington of having “seriously undermined global climate governance and ...
| By Chloé Farand    Read more ...
 

China Slams U.S. Climate Policies:

 
China Slams U.S. Climate Policies
Oct 19 · China delivered a diatribe against U.S. climate policies on Monday, saying that under President Trump, the United States “is widely viewed as a consensus-breaker and a troublemaker.”
Beijing’s Foreign Affairs Ministry blamed Trump’s “negative stance” and “retrogression on climate change” for undermining progress on an international climate accord. Trump, who plans to formally pull out of the Paris climate agreement the day after Election Day, had “seriously undermined the fairness, efficiency and effectiveness of global environmental governance,” the ministry said in a fact sheet.
The barrage from Beijing resembled the tit-for-tat criticism that China and the United ...
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Climate change will continue to widen gaps in food security, new study finds:

 
Climate change will continue to widen gaps in food security, new study finds - Greenbiz
Oct 21 · A farmer tending his rice fields in Ubud, Indonesia, on a rainy day. Indonesia was one of the countries found to be most negatively impacted in the new study.
With storms to the east and wildfires to the west, the climate crisis is at the forefront of public consciousness. But aside from dramatic disasters, another pernicious threat comes with a warming climate: diminishing global crop yields.
In a new study published in Nature Food, researchers assessed global yields for 18 of the most farmed crops - wheat, maize, soybeans, rice, barley, sugar beet, cassava, cotton, groundnuts, millet, oats, potatoes, pulses, rapeseed, rye, sorghum, sunflower and sweet potatoes - crops ...
| By Hannah Seo    Read more ...
 

Climate finance driving poor countries deeper into debt, says Oxfam:

 
Climate finance driving poor countries deeper into debt, says Oxfam - Guardian - Climate Change
Oct 2 · Billions of dollars are being loaned on high-interest terms to poor countries seeking help to cope with the impacts of climate breakdown, according to an Oxfam report.
The loan terms risk storing up debt burdens lasting far into the future, the charity says.
Poor countries are reported to have received about $60bn (£45bn) of climate finance from rich governments and publicly funded institutions in 2017-18, the latest year for which reliable data is available. Oxfam estimates that the amount that actually reached them was more like $19bn to $22.5bn when interest, repayments and other costs are subtracted.
The world’s least developed countries received $3.2bn in ...
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Climate science deniers to give road safety evidence to MPs:

 
Climate science deniers to give road safety evidence to MPs - Guardian - Climate Change
Oct 2 · MPs are to hear evidence on road safety from a campaign group that dismisses warnings about global heating and wants higher speed limits and fewer cycle lanes, prompting alarm from environmental and active travel organisations.
The Commons transport committee will take oral evidence on Wednesday from the Alliance of British Drivers (ABD), which says it represents mainstream views but accepts its membership is “tiny” as a proportion of drivers.
The ABD’s formal position is that human-created global heating is a myth, and that many concerns about the health impact of vehicle pollution represent “scaremongering”.
ABD’s policies include raising all speed limits to 85% ...
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Climate scientists fly more than other researchers, first global study suggests:

 
Climate scientists fly more than other researchers, first global study suggests - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 20 · Climate change researchers, especially professors, fly more than other researchers - but are also more likely to have taken steps to reduce or offset their flying, a new study has found. The large, international survey of more than 1,400 university researchers was carried out by the UK Centre for Climate and Social Transformation (CAST), which is coordinated by Cardiff University.
A follow-up experiment with more than 350 researchers found that providing information about the impacts of aviation and support for workplace policies increases intentions to fly less.
The large-scale study - the first of its kind to survey climate academics about their travel for conferences, ...
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Climate, not elections, will move markets soon, says ESG pioneer:

 
Climate, not elections, will move markets soon, says ESG pioneer
Oct 19 · Domini’s oldest fund, the Domini Impact Equity Fund, has had a mixed performance since its 1991 inception. In December 2018, Domini and her company’s chief executive officer, Carole Laible, started managing the fund in-house. (During the previous 12 years it had been overseen by another asset manager that had used a quantitative model.) The fund has since had a lot more success. From Dec. 1, 2018, through Sept. 30, 2020, it returned a cumulative 40%, vs. a 26.3% gain from its benchmark, the S&P 500 index.
Domini, 70, spoke with Bloomberg News’s Saijel Kishan in August about her career, the ESG industry, the coronavirus, and why she thinks this ...
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CNN Fact-Checker Makes Blistering Conclusion About Trump’s Dishonesty:

 
CNN Fact-Checker Makes Blistering Conclusion About Trump’s Dishonesty - Huffington Post
Oct 20 · CNN’s fact-checking reporter Daniel Dale showed how President Donald Trump’s “dishonesty is getting worse” in the final stretch of the 2020 election.
Dale noted in an article for the CNN website Monday that Trump made “at least 66 separate false and misleading claims” over the weekend at public events and rallies in Florida, Georgia, Wisconsin, Michigan and Nevada.
The president also repeated some of those 66 lies on multiple occasions, said Dale.
“For fact-checkers, the period from Friday through Sunday was one of the most challenging of Trump’s entire presidency,” he lamented.
Trump’s dozens of untruths featured the coronavirus pandemic, Democratic rival ...
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Colorado is fighting its largest wildfire in history:

 
Colorado is fighting its largest wildfire in history - VOX - Science
Oct 19 · The previous record-holding fire was contained just seven weeks ago, and new fires continue to erupt.
The Cameron Peak Fire near Rocky Mountain National Park has become the largest wildfire in Colorado history, growing to 203,000 acres this weekend. The fire was 62 percent contained as of Monday morning.
The previous record-holder was the 137,000-acre Pine Gulch Fire near Grand Junction, Colorado. That fire also ignited this year and was declared 100 percent contained in September. It only held on to its record as Colorado’s largest wildfire for seven weeks.
Meanwhile, another new, fast-moving wildfire ignited in Boulder County on Saturday and quickly spread across ...
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Communications breakdown? Tesla turns away from media:

 
Communications breakdown? Tesla turns away from media - PHYS.ORG - Technology
Oct 19 · What's new at Tesla? Difficult to say, since the fast-growing electric carmaker appears to have taken the unusual step of disbanding its media relations department which responds to journalists.
Calls and emails to Tesla's California headquarters from AFP and other media outlets were unanswered days ahead of the company's quarterly financial update.
The specialized news website Electrek reported earlier this month that Tesla had dissolved its media relations department, becoming the first automaker to cut off the press.
It is still communicating with investors and the public directly from its website, regulatory filings and the Twitter account of chief executive ...
    Read more ...
 

Cooling: The hidden threat for climate change and sustainable goals:

 
Cooling: The hidden threat for climate change and sustainable goals - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 20 · But, Dr. Khosla says, "The global community must commit to sustainable cooling, or risk locking the world into a deadly feedback loop, where demand for cooling energy drives further greenhouse gas emissions and results in even more global warming."
The scale of the challenge is immense. Records show September 2020 was the warmest month on record and, under current projections, three-quarters of humanity faces health risks from deadly heat. Research from the International Energy Agency has shown that the energy needed for space cooling alone is projected to triple by 2050 - the equivalent of adding 10 new air conditioners every second for the next 30 years. This would require ...
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COVID-19 renewable energy response in Africa 'meager':

 
COVID-19 renewable energy response in Africa 'meager' - PHYS.ORG - Technology
Oct 20 · As of June this year, only three Africa countries, Burkina Faso, Kenya and Nigeria promoted the use of renewable energy to control the challenges COVID-19 triggered in the sector, a study says. According to the study, COVID-19 has severely hit Africa's energy sector, stalled the construction of new projects and is thus threatening to reverse the progress made so far in fighting energy poverty in Africa.
African governments have been providing incentives as part of economic stimulus packages to cushion the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic.
"These incentives have taken a toll on the revenue of power utilities, which pose challenges to the security of supply because revenue ...
    Read more ...
 

Criminal charges, FBI probe roil $3B PA pipeline:

 
Criminal charges, FBI probe roil $3B PA pipeline
Oct 21 · A swirl of criminal charges and investigations surround Energy Transfer LP's 350-mile Mariner East 2 highly volatile liquids pipeline project. Claudine Hellmuth/E&E News(illustration); Chester County District Attorney's Office and the Federal court system(documents); PxFuel (photo)
John Quigley was on the brink of shutting the whole thing down.
Dallas-based pipeline builder Energy Transfer LP was pushing for a permit to build its Mariner East 2 project across Pennsylvania. Quigley was then head of the state's Department of Environmental Protection (DEP), and his examiners kept finding problems. Energy Transfer kept not fixing them.
So in March 2016, Quigley ...
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Cross-party agreement on decarbonization but no master plan for electricity system:

 
Cross-party agreement on decarbonization but no master plan for electricity system - PHYS.ORG - Technology
Oct 20 · Which political parties have the most ambitious climate and energy policies? The answer, according to a new study, is surprising. In Germany, France, Spain and Italy, parties across the political spectrum, from the Greens to the Liberals, show a similar level of ambition on this score. However, researchers have also identified a major impediment to the energy transition: none of the investigated parties has a convincing idea for a technology mix that would ensure grid stability despite weather-related fluctuations in wind and solar energy. The researchers analyzed climate policies in the EU's four largest electricity markets. In the case of Germany and Spain, representative citizen ...    Read more ...
 

Current Chernobyl-level radiation harmful to bees: study:

 
Current Chernobyl-level radiation harmful to bees: study - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 21 · Bumblebees exposed to levels of radiation found within the Chernobyl exclusion zone suffered a "significant" drop in reproduction, in new research published Wednesday that scientists say should prompt a rethink of international calculations of nuclear environmental risk. The study, published in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B, set out to discover how ionizing radiation affects insects, which are often thought to be more resilient than other species.
They found that colony reproduction reduced by 30 to 45 percent at doses previously considered too low to impact insects.
"We found that at radiation levels detectable in Chernobyl, the number of new queen bees ...
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Declines in shellfish species on rocky seashores match climate-driven changes:

 
Declines in shellfish species on rocky seashores match climate-driven changes - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 20 · The waters of the Gulf of Maine are warming faster than oceans almost anywhere on Earth. And as the level of carbon dioxide rises in the atmosphere, it's absorbed by the oceans, causing pH levels to fall. Ocean acidification makes it difficult for shellfish to thicken their shells - their primary defense against predators. In a new study in the journal Communications Biology, researchers Peter Petraitis, a retired professor of biology in Penn's School of Arts & Sciences, and Steve Dudgeon, a biology professor at California State University, Northridge, who completed a postdoctoral fellowship with Petraitis at Penn in the 1990s, show that the changing climate is taking a toll on ...    Read more ...
 

Decoding the Disinformation Machine:

 
Decoding the Disinformation Machine - Greenbiz
Oct 21 · Speaking Sustainably
Shutterstock
The Saturday before President Donald Trump got COVID-19, I bought a desk at one of those warehouse furniture stores - one of the ones with the annoying jingle that gets stuck in your head despite your best efforts to the contrary. Buying the desk was my last bit of acceptance that working from home was officially a long-haul thing and the old farm table I’d been using wasn’t really ergonomically designed for working on a laptop all day long.
While the sales guy was writing up my ticket he complained about his mask, which was actually around his neck, and said, "Thankfully, this will all be over in November." As someone who spends ...
| By Suzanne Shelton    Read more ...
 

Demand Response Industry Asks Feds to Open States to Energy Market Competition:

 
Demand Response Industry Asks Feds to Open States to Energy Market Competition - Green Tech Media
Oct 20 · Over the past half-decade, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission has consistently won court battles upholding its authority over states to set the rules for how distributed energy resources can play in wholesale energy markets. Now FERC is being asked to put that authority to a new use: ending a decade-old provision allowing individual states to opt out of letting demand response companies enlist customers to turn down their energy use to support the power grid.
The request comes from nonprofit environmental law organization Earthjustice on behalf of demand response aggregator Voltus. It asks FERC to declare that the demand response regime overseen by the Midcontinent ...
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Depths of the Weddell Sea are warming five times faster than elsewhere:

 
Depths of the Weddell Sea are warming five times faster than elsewhere - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 20 · Over the past three decades, the depths of the Antarctic Weddell Sea have warmed five times faster than the rest of the ocean at depths exceeding 2,000 meters. This was the main finding of an article just published by oceanographers from the Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research (AWI). In the article, they analyze an unprecedented oceanographic time series from the Weddell Sea and show that the warming of the polar depths is chiefly due to changed winds and currents above and in the Southern Ocean. In addition, the experts warn that the warming of the Weddell Sea could permanently weaken the overturning of tremendous water masses that takes place ...    Read more ...
 

Djorgovski 2 hosts multiple stellar populations, study suggests:

 
Djorgovski 2 hosts multiple stellar populations, study suggests - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 20 · Astronomers have performed spectroscopic observations of a globular cluster (GC) known as Djorgovski 2 and obtained chemical abundances of the cluster's seven stars. The results suggest that Djorgovski 2 contains multiple stellar populations. The finding was detailed in a paper published October 8 on the arXiv pre-print repository. Discovered in 1978, Djorgovski 2 (also known as ESO 456-SC38) is a globular cluster located in the galactic bulge, one of the closest globular clusters to the center of the Milky Way. Given their location, such clusters as Djorgovski 2 are among the oldest known to date. This could mean that they might have witnessed the entire history of the Milky Way, ...    Read more ...
 

Donald Trump Causes A Fuss Over Upcoming '60 Minutes’ Interview:

 
Donald Trump Causes A Fuss Over Upcoming '60 Minutes’ Interview - Huffington Post
Oct 20 · President Donald Trump caused a fuss on Tuesday about his upcoming interview on “60 Minutes,” reportedly leaving the set early and then complaining about it online.
Trump and Vice President Mike Pence spent the day participating in the CBS show’s episode, which is set to air on Sunday, just over a week until the election. The episode is also expected to feature interviews with Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden and his running mate Sen. Kamala Harris (D-Calif.).
The president abruptly stopped his interview at the White House with the show’s star, Lesley Stahl, after he had become irritated with her line of questioning, two people familiar with the situation told ...
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Drilling Deeper on a Fracking Ban:

 
Drilling Deeper on a Fracking Ban - Climate Crocks
Oct 21 · I’ve posted my take on how Joe Biden and Kamala Harris might best answer questions on fracking.Below, a deeper dive by Zeke Hausfather and his colleague Alex Trembath expands on a few points. You may agree or disagree, but my friend Zeke is renowned as a careful researcher, and deserves full attention.
Zeke Hausfather and Alex Trembath in Politico:
Hydraulic fracturing - the controversial oil and gas extraction method usually called “fracking” - has divided Democrats and the political left for a decade now. Many in the environmental community claim that allowing fracking is incompatible with climate action. Others, including Joe Biden and Kamala Harris, take a more ...
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Driver of the largest mass extinction in the history of the Earth identified:

 
Driver of the largest mass extinction in the history of the Earth identified - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 19 · Life on Earth has a long, but also an extremely turbulent history. On more than one occasion, the majority of all species became extinct and an already highly developed biodiversity shrank to a minimum again, changing the course of evolution each time. The most extensive mass extinction took place about 252 million years ago. It marked the end of the Permian Epoch and the beginning of the Triassic Epoch. About three quarters of all land life and about 95 percent of life in the ocean disappeared within only a few thousand years. Gigantic volcanic activities in today's Siberia and the release of large amounts of methane from the sea floor have been long debated as potential triggers ...    Read more ...
 

Drought in western U.S. is biggest in years and predicted to worsen during winter months:

 
Drought in western U.S. is biggest in years and predicted to worsen during winter months
Oct 19 · The largest and most intense drought in years is engulfing the West and threatens to grow larger and more severe in the coming months.
The drought has already been a major contributor to record wildfire activity in California and Colorado. Its continuation could also deplete rivers, stifle crops and eventually drain water supplies in some Western states.
Colorado wildfire erupts amid deepening drought, forcing evacuations in Boulder County
Nationwide, drought has expanded to its greatest areal coverage since 2013; 72.5 million people are in areas affected by drought. More than one-third of the West is in “extreme” or “exceptional” drought, the two most severe ...
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Dueling climate analyses offer a preview of political tensions to come:

 
Dueling climate analyses offer a preview of political tensions to come
Oct 20 · Over the summer, environmental and clean energy groups put aside their reservations about Democratic presidential candidate Joe Biden and came together behind his $2.2 trillion dollar climate plan—the most ambitious ever put forth by a candidate for the U.S. presidency, as they pointed out again and again.
Now, with just weeks to go until the election and Biden leading in the polls, one environmental group has crunched the numbers and is saying that the plan doesn’t go far enough.
Carbon Switch, a Colorado-based group that promotes energy efficiency, tested some of the assumptions of the Biden plan by plugging them into a model created by the National ...
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Elation as Nasa probe tags asteroid in sample bid:

 
Elation as Nasa probe tags asteroid in sample bid - BBC
Oct 20 · America's Osiris-Rex spacecraft has completed its audacious tag-and-go manoeuvre designed to grab surface rock from an asteroid.
Radio signals from 330 million km away confirm the probe made contact with the 500m-wide object known as Bennu.
But the Nasa-led mission will have to wait on further data from Osiris-Rex before it's known for sure that material was actually picked up.
The aim was to acquire at least 60g, perhaps even a kilo or more.
Because Bennu is a very primitive space object, scientists say its surface grit and dust could hold fascinating clues about the chemistry that brought the Sun and the planets into being more than 4.5 billion ...
| By Jonathan AmosBBC Science Correspondent    Read more ...
 

Elected officials say ‘frack that' to gas pipeline in Brooklyn:

 
Elected officials say ‘frack that' to gas pipeline in Brooklyn
Oct 19 · Tackle the city, with our help.
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Brooklyn elected officials joined protestors on Monday in opposition to the continued installation of a gas pipeline in East Williamsburg that they say is imperiling communities with ‘fracked gas’ designed to service homes and businesses.
Last week, protestors from the Sane Energy Project and an amalgamation of different anti-pipeline groups stopped construction of a gas pipeline on Montrose and Manhattan Avenues, which opponents say would bring “fracked gas” from Pennsylvania to the city. They contend that fracked gas is “unnecessary and contributes to greenhouse gases and ...
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Energy scavenging nanogenerator finds power all around us:

 
Energy scavenging nanogenerator finds power all around us - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 20 · Imagine a mobile phone charger that doesn't need a wireless or mains power source. Or a pacemaker with inbuilt organic energy sources within the human body. Australian researchers led by Flinders University are picking up the challenge of "scavenging" invisible power from low-frequency vibrations in the surrounding environment, including wind, air or even contact-separation energy (static electricity).
"These so-called triboelectric nanogenerators (or TENGs) can be made at low cost in different configurations, making them suitable for driving small electronics such as personal electronics (mobile phones), biomechanics devices (pacemakers), sensors ...
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Epsilon expected to brush Bermuda as a category 1 hurricane:

 
Epsilon expected to brush Bermuda as a category 1 hurricane - Yale Climate Connections - Weather
Oct 21 · Tropical Storm Epsilon is slowly intensifying in the central Atlantic as it heads north-northwest toward Bermuda, which is under a tropical storm watch. The western fringes of Epsilon are predicted to affect Bermuda on Friday, when it is expected to be a category 1 hurricane. Epsilon is not a landfall threat for the U.S., but could threaten Newfoundland, Canada, early next week. NOAA Hurricane Hunters’ first mission into Epsilon is scheduled for Wednesday afternoon.
At 11 a.m. EDT Tuesday, October 20, Epsilon’s winds had increased to 50 mph, but the storm was fighting some dry air that moderate wind shear of 10 – 15 knots was injecting into its core. ...
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Epsilon Strengthens Into A Hurricane As It Approaches Bermuda:

 
Epsilon Strengthens Into A Hurricane As It Approaches Bermuda - Huffington Post
Oct 21 · MIAMI (AP) - Epsilon has strengthened into a hurricane, the 10th of the Atlantic season, as it approaches Bermuda on Thursday.
Epsilon is expected to make its closest approach to the island on Thursday night, and there is a risk of a direct impact, according to the U.S. National Hurricane Center. A tropical storm watch is in effect for Bermuda and residents have been urged to closely monitor the storm.
11 PM AST Tuesday, October 20 Key Messages for Hurricane #Epsilon. Tropical storm conditions are possible on Bermuda beginning Thursday. https://t.co/22MmuRtUyj pic.twitter.com/owzBtcSrjr
The Miami-based hurricane center said Epsilon had maximum sustained winds of 75 ...
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Ericsson earnings boosted by 5G network rollouts:

 
Ericsson earnings boosted by 5G network rollouts - PHYS.ORG - Technology
Oct 21 · Swedish telecom equipment maker Ericsson has reported upbeat third quarter earnings, helped mainly by the rollout of 5G wireless networks in China and a strong U.S. market. The Stockholm-based company said Wednesday that net profit for the July-September period was 5.6 billion kronor ($640 million), compared with a loss of 6.9 billion kronor the previous year. Sales were up 1% at 57.5 billion kronor.
Ericsson CEO Borje Ekholm said the company's contracts for the next generation 5G networks in mainland China "have developed according to plan, contributing positively to profits in Q3 and are expected to improve further".
Ekholm also pointed to the North American market ...
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EU Wields $460 Billion of Aid to Enlist Farmers in Climate Fight:

 
EU Wields $460 Billion of Aid to Enlist Farmers in Climate Fight - Bloomberg
Oct 21 · European Union farmers risk losing access to billions of euros in subsidies unless they adapt their production methods to much stricter environmental standards, under a preliminary accord reached by the bloc’s governments in the wee hours of Wednesday.
Under the deal reached by agriculture ministers meeting in Luxembourg, any farmers considered to be undermining EU climate goals would be ineligible for aid and 20% of direct payments will be reserved for organic farming and other climate-friendly practices, such as sequestering carbon in soil.
“Farmers would receive financial support under the condition that they adopt practices beneficial for the climate ...
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Europe’s new Covid-19 wave, explained:

 
Europe’s new Covid-19 wave, explained - VOX - Science
Oct 20 · Countries with the fastest-spiraling outbreaks are reentering lockdowns.
VIENNA - With new Covid-19 cases rising exponentially across the European continent, leaders are once again turning to social distancing mandates and business closures to halt the spread of the coronavirus.
There are curfews across England and France, limits on drinking in the Czech Republic and Belgium, and stricter mask requirements in Italy and Switzerland.
Here in the Austrian capital, where people can be seen panic-hoarding toilet paper again, Chancellor Sebastian Kurz has warned of a “challenging autumn and winter” ahead. The country’s new anti-virus measures include limits on the size ...
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Europe’s wood pellet market is worsening environmental racism in the American South:

 
Europe’s wood pellet market is worsening environmental racism in the American South - Greenbiz
Oct 21 · A pellet factory, where pine wood shavings are moved on a conveyor belt. Photo by Juan Enrique del Barrio on Shutterstock.
In 2013, when Enviva Biomass opened a new plant near Belinda Joyner’s community in Northampton County, North Carolina, she already knew what to expect. As the Northeast Organizer for Clean Water for North Carolina, she’d met with residents of a small, majority Black town called Ahoskie, 40 miles from her home. Enviva had built its first North Carolina plant there two years before.
The corporation, which manufactures wood pellets as a purportedly renewable alternative to coal, did what most industries do in prospective communities - they promised ...
| By Danielle Purifoy    Read more ...
 

Ex-Bush Aide Tells Evangelicals What Trump Really Thinks Of Them:

 
Ex-Bush Aide Tells Evangelicals What Trump Really Thinks Of Them - Huffington Post
Oct 20 · Peter Wehner is warning evangelical Christians that they made a “bad bargain” with President Donald Trump, who does not respect them or their faith.
“Trump clearly sees white evangelicals as a means to an end, people to be used, suckers to be played,” Wehner wrote in The Atlantic.
Wehner, who served in the administrations of Presidents Ronald Reagan and George H.W. Bush and as a senior aide in the White House of President George W. Bush, added:
“He had absolutely no interest in evangelicals before his entry into politics and he will have absolutely no interest in them after his exit. In fact, it’s hard to imagine a person who has less affinity for authentic ...
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Finally: a usable and secure password policy backed by science:

 
Finally: a usable and secure password policy backed by science - PHYS.ORG - Technology
Oct 21 · After nearly a decade of studies, the passwords research group in Carnegie Mellon's CyLab Security and Privacy Institute has developed a policy for creating passwords that maintains balance between security and usability - one backed by hard science. Forget all the rules about uppercase and lowercase letters, numbers and symbols; your password just needs to be at least 12 characters, and it needs to pass a real-time strength test developed by the researchers.
The study will be presented at next month's ACM Conference on Computer and Communications Security, which will be held virtually.
"The policy we developed allows users to create passwords that are both easier to ...
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Flock of '140,000 birds' creates record at reserve:

 
Flock of '140,000 birds' creates record at reserve - BBC
Oct 19 · The number of knot feeding and flying to create swirling dark clouds of birds on the Norfolk coast has reached record numbers.
For the first time about 140,000 have been seen on the RSPB reserve at Snettisham. The previous site record was 120,000 in the winter of 1990-91, the organisation said.
To see them is "just an extraordinary experience", said photographer Les Bunyan, who volunteers at the reserve on The Wash estuary.
"It's not just what you're looking at, it's also the sound you have to appreciate. When you get tens of thousands of birds flying around you - they make a lot of noise."
The birds, which are about 25cm (10in) in length, ...
| By Martin BarberBBC News Online    Read more ...
 

Food waste: Cities can make the difference:

 
Food waste: Cities can make the difference - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 19 · Food waste is one of the most important issues of current food systems: Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has estimated that more than one third of food is either lost or wasted along the entire food supply chain causing significant economic, social and environmental impacts. From an environmental point of view, food waste represents between 8% and 10% of global greenhouse gas emissions, and the annual water footprint of the agricultural phase of food waste is about 250 km3, five times the volume of Lake Garda and higher than any national food consumption water footprint. The IPCC Special Report Climate Change and Land (2018) estimates that 37% of total greenhouse gas (GHG) ...    Read more ...
 

Forging ahead with care and compassion:

 
Forging ahead with care and compassion - MIT - Economics
Oct 20 · Suggestions or feedback?
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From disease to bushfires, Australia's iconic koalas face bleak future:

 
From disease to bushfires, Australia's iconic koalas face bleak future
Oct 19 · KANANGRA-BOYD NATIONAL PARK, Australia (Reuters) - At work, Morgan Philpott cares for sick children. In his off-hours the Australian paediatric nurse turns his attention to an equally defenceless group: unwell koalas.
“They really run the risk of becoming extinct inside our lifetime,” Philpott said of the New South Wales koala population at an animal hospital on Sydney’s outskirts while helping a veterinarian treat a rescued koala infected with the bacterial disease chlamydia.
(Click reut.rs/3k77kaS to see a picture package of Australia's sick koalas)
The pervasive infection among the koalas, blazing bushfires, drought, logging of forests and urban encroachment of ...
| By Loren Elliott    Read more ...
 

Future wearable electronic clothing could be charged by our own body heat:

 
Future wearable electronic clothing could be charged by our own body heat - PHYS.ORG - Technology
Oct 21 · Thanks to rapid computing developments in the last decade and the miniaturisation of electronic components, people can, for example, track their movements and monitor their health in real time by wearing tiny computers. Researchers are now looking at how best to power these devices by turning to the user's own body heat and working with garments, polka dots and know-how from the textile industry. The wearable electronics market is expected to grow to €53bn by 2025, but it is dominated by one product - smartwatches. Outside of this, there are many products in 'starting position," said Dr. Matthias Fahland of the Fraunhofer FEP in Germany. One of the field's main obstacles is ...    Read more ...
 

Gas Looking Like Coal, Just before the Crash:

 
Gas Looking Like Coal, Just before the Crash - Climate Crocks
Oct 19 · In 2008-9, Coal was supposedly on the verge of a huge new buildout. It all went belly up much faster than anyone imagined.I had lunch with a major utility executive around that time, who was planning a big new coal plant near me. I told him I saw no need to oppose it, mainly because they had missed their window of opportunity, and if they did build it, the market was going to leave it a stranded asset very soon.A few months later they cancelled. They’re now committed to solar, wind and efficiency.
The former vice president’s efforts to walk a tightrope on gas reflect the fossil fuel’s precarious place in the economy. For now, it’s an essential part of American life. ...
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Gas-powered cars: Beginning of the end in California?:

 
Gas-powered cars: Beginning of the end in California? - Yale Climate Connections - Transportation
Oct 21 · Can California really do it? Can it completely ban the sale of new gas-powered cars in 15 years – 15 years – and lead the country toward a fossil fuel-free future?
Democratic Governor Gavin Newsom says so. In a late September executive order, Newsom announced a ban on in-state sales of new gas-powered cars and trucks by 2035, and medium- and heavy-duty trucks by 2045. Newsom isn’t the first politician to make such moves – several countries in Europe including Norway, the Netherlands, France, the UK, and Denmark have set similar goals. But he is the first governor in the U.S. to take that step. And California, the fifth largest economy in the world, sets ...
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Geologists 'resurrect' missing tectonic plate:

 
Geologists 'resurrect' missing tectonic plate - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 20 · The existence of a tectonic plate called Resurrection has long been a topic of debate among geologists, with some arguing it was never real. Others say it subducted - moved sideways and downward - into the earth's mantle somewhere in the Pacific Margin between 40 and 60 million years ago. A team of geologists at the University of Houston College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics believes they have found the lost plate in northern Canada by using existing mantle tomography images - similar to a CT scan of the earth's interior. The findings, published in Geological Society of America Bulletin, could help geologists better predict volcanic hazards as well as mineral and hydrocarbon ...    Read more ...
 

Geothermal energy is poised for a big breakout:

 
Geothermal energy is poised for a big breakout - VOX - Science
Oct 21 · “An engineering problem that, when solved, solves energy.”
Geothermal power is the perpetual also-ran of renewable energy, chugging along in the background for decades, never quite breaking out of its little niche, forever causing energy experts to say, “Oh, yeah, geothermal ... what’s up with that?”
Well, after approximately 15 years of reporting on energy, I finally took the time to do a deep dive into geothermal and I am here to report: This is a great time to start paying attention!
After many years of failure to launch, new companies and technologies have brought geothermal out of its doldrums, to the point that it may finally be ready to scale up and become a ...
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Getting Greens to the Polls:

 
Getting Greens to the Polls - Climate Crocks
Oct 21 · You’d think this would not be hard – but the demographic groups most likely to vote for environment issues are those most heavily targeted by Republican suppression.
Harvard Gazette:
The number of registered voters who say climate and the environment is their top priority is rising (from 2 percent in 2016 to 7 percent in 2018). They are, however, failing spectacularly at making themselves heard at the polls. … 10 million registered voters who named the environment as their top priority did not vote in the 2016 election.
Grist:
The jury is in: Most Americans agree that climate change is a problem and would like to see the government do more ...
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Glimpse deep into Earth's crust finds heat source that may stabilize continents:

 
Glimpse deep into Earth's crust finds heat source that may stabilize continents - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 19 · Rocks from the Rio Grande continental rift have provided a rare snapshot of active geology deep inside Earth's crust, revealing new evidence for how continents remain stable over billions of years, according to a team of scientists. "We tend to study rocks that are millions to billions of years old, but in this case we can show what's happening in the deep crust, nearly 19 miles below the surface of the Earth, in what geologically speaking is the modern day," said Jacob Cipar, a graduate student in geosciences at Penn State. "And we have linked what's preserved in these rocks with tectonic processes happening today that may represent an important step in the development of stable ...    Read more ...
 

Google's Nest Hub video displays offering more recommendations:

 
Google's Nest Hub video displays offering more recommendations - PHYS.ORG - Technology
Oct 20 · Google's Nest Hub video displays are getting a new look today, adding more recommendation features to help people with their day. Most use cases for the display units revolve around people using them to play music via voice commands or operate their smart home. Google execs say they wanted to showcase different things people could do by showcasing them in discovery, and to offer more personalized recommendations on music to listen to, videos to watch and news to read.
Beyond the Google Nest Hub and Hub Max, the Google Assistant lives on other displays made by others, including the Lenovo Smart Display.
The display units had always had a "Your Day" feature which showed ...
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Google's war on all fronts over media, competition and tax:

 
Google's war on all fronts over media, competition and tax - PHYS.ORG - Technology
Oct 21 · Californian internet giant Google faces a growing list of battles around the world, from tussles in Europe and Australia over fair compensation for media outlets to competition probes on both sides of the Atlantic. Department of Justice strikes
Washington's powerful justice department is the latest to announce a probe into Google on suspicion of an "illegal monopoly".
US authorities have had the digital giant in their sights for years, and now accuse it of breaching competition law to maintain its iron grip on search and online advertising.
The government has called for "structural" change at Google, which could mean breaking it up.
Three antitrust fines in ...
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Green groups urge UN to raise climate ambition on global shipping:

 
Green groups urge UN to raise climate ambition on global shipping - Greenbiz
Oct 20 · The global shipping industry's decarbonization efforts once again face stormy seas.
Ahead of the latest crucial round of talks this week at the International Maritime Organization (IMO), green groups are warning proposals are "an empty shell" that will have a negligible impact on the sector's emissions. Seasoned observers fear that growing calls for a bolder and more ambitious global policy framework are continuing to founder on the rocks of vested interests and short-term cost concerns.
IMO member states are meeting this week for critical talks to discuss how the carbon-intensive shipping industry can be regulated to meet its 2030 climate target of reducing its carbon ...
| By Cecilia Keating    Read more ...
 

Guernsey milk production to be cut by 10%:

 
Guernsey milk production to be cut by 10% - BBC
Oct 20 · The amount of milk supplied by dairy farmers in Guernsey will be cut by 10% in a bid to save the island's industry.
Guernsey Dairy said milk sales had declined "consistently" over the past 10 years, causing supply to outweigh demand.
Its new business plan outlines a new marketing strategy and £125,000 of cuts by 2021 as key priorities.
It said the rising popularity of plant-based alternatives was partly responsible for a fall in milk sales.
Guernsey Dairy hopes some of the savings will help to fund the proposed refurbishment of its site or a new facility.
More than half of the island's 15,250 vergées of agricultural land is used by the 13 ...
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High levels of microplastics released from infant feeding bottles during formula prep:

 
High levels of microplastics released from infant feeding bottles during formula prep - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 19 · Led by Dr. Jing Jing Wang, Professor John Boland and Professor Liwen Xiao at Trinity, the team analysed the potential for release of MPs from polypropylene infant-feeding bottles (PP-IFBs) during formula preparation by following international guidelines. They also estimated the exposure of 12-month-old infants to MPs in 48 countries and regions and have just published their findings in the high-profile journal Nature Food.
Key findings
Recommended sterilisation and formula preparation procedures
Preparing infant formula
Standard Precautions
Studying microplastics through a project of scale
There is growing evidence to suggest that micro and nano ...
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High school students from across the US receive 2020 AgeLab OMEGA Scholarships:

 
High school students from across the US receive 2020 AgeLab OMEGA Scholarships - MIT - Community
Oct 7 · Suggestions or feedback?
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High social and ecological standards for chocolate:

 
High social and ecological standards for chocolate - PHYS.ORG - Biology
Oct 19 · Worldwide demand for food from the tropics that meets higher environmental and social standards has risen sharply in recent years. Consumers often have to make ethically questionable decisions: products may be available to the global market through child labor, starvation wages or environmental destruction. Building on an interdisciplinary project in Peru, an international research team with the participation of the University of Göttingen has now published an overview article on the transition to responsible, high-quality cocoa production. Chocolate is made from cocoa beans, and because cocoa is originally from Peru, using indigenous varieties means a premium price can be charged. ...    Read more ...
 

Highly selective membranes: Researchers discover how water can affect its own filtration:

 
Highly selective membranes: Researchers discover how water can affect its own filtration - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 20 · Membranes with microscopic pores are useful for water filtration. The effect of pore size on water filtration is well-understood, as is the role of ions, charged atoms that interact with the membrane. For the first time, researchers have successfully described the impact water molecules have on other water molecules and on ions as part of the filtration mechanism. The researchers detail a feedback system between water molecules that opens up new design possibilities for highly selective membranes. Applications could include virus filters. Synthetic chemistry is a field of study related to the creation and exploration of new substances and materials that do not exist in nature. ...    Read more ...
 

Homes from home - The scandal-hit market for passports and long-term visas is booming | International:

 
Homes from home - The scandal-hit market for passports and long-term visas is booming | International - Economist
Oct 19 · The urge to escape covid-19 has given it a boost
FOR THE industry’s critics, it is a scandal that exposes exactly what they have been warning about. Many people have an almost instinctive distaste for the business in selling long-term-residence rights in a country or even citizenship there for cash, usually in the form of an authorised investment. So a documentary this month on Al Jazeera, a Qatar-based television channel, seeming to uncover corruption in an “investment migration” scheme offered by Cyprus, did not not seem especially shocking. It showed Cypriot politicians filmed in a sting operation, apparently willing to sell their country’s passport to a (fictitious) ...
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Horse dies and rider hurt in crash with car:

 
Horse dies and rider hurt in crash with car - BBC
Oct 19 · A horse died when the animal and its rider were involved in a crash with a car.
The horse died at the scene on Hingham Road, in Great Ellingham, Norfolk, at about 14:30 BST on Sunday.
The rider, a man in his 70s, had minor injuries and was taken to hospital, as the Eastern Daily Press first reported.
The driver of the Toyota Yaris involved in the incident, a woman in her 90s, was uninjured, police said.
No arrests have been made.
Find BBC News: East of England on Facebook, Instagram and Twitter. If you have a story suggestion email eastofenglandnews@bbc.co.uk
Information about BBC links to other news sites
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House races to watch on energy, environment:

 
House races to watch on energy, environment
Oct 19 · Niina H. Farah, E&E News reporter
A little-known legal doctrine with important energy implications could face Judge Amy Coney Barrett if she is confirmed to the Supreme Court.
Tom Brenner/Reuters/Newscom
If President Trump wants to shake up the final weeks of his reelection campaign by lobbing a nuclear weapon into a storm, nothing can stop him.
Tom Williams/CQ Roll Call/Newscom
Rep. Brian Fitzpatrick is one of the only congressional carbon tax Republicans, and he's hoping that independent streak is enough to fend off President Trump's name at the top of the ticket next month.
Tom Brenner/Reuters/Newscom
If President Trump wants to shake up ...
| By Nick Sobczyk in E&E Daily 7:11 AM EDT    Read more ...
 

How big-time investors think about deforestation: Q&A with investment manager Lauren Compere:

 
How big-time investors think about deforestation: Q&A with investment manager Lauren Compere - Greenbiz
Oct 20 · Lauren Compere is managing director and director of shareholder engagement at Boston Common Asset Management, a management firm specializing in responsible investing with $2.8 billion in assets under management.
We talked with Lauren about deforestation and climate change and how her firm is engaging banks and other companies on these systemic financial risks. It comes as deforestation - and associated greenhouse gas emissions and climate impacts - are skyrocketing in many regions of the world.
What follows is a lightly edited Q&A.
Julie Nash: Boston Common Asset Management has been engaging with companies on deforestation risks for about 15 years. Can you discuss ...
| By Julie Nash    Read more ...
 

How COVID-19 cough clouds travel in the presence and absence of face masks: study:

 
How COVID-19 cough clouds travel in the presence and absence of face masks: study - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 20 · As the coronavirus has affected more than 30 million people globally, researchers have increasingly focused on the extent to which airborne respiratory droplets carrying the virus travel and contaminate the air after an infected person coughs. While scientists have studied the properties of air at the mouth, such as volume, temperature, droplet distribution, and humidity, less is known about how these properties change as the cough cloud travels. In Physics of Fluids, researchers estimate the evolving volume of the cough cloud and quantify the reduction in its volume in the presence of a face mask.
"We estimate this volume of the air, which may help to design ventilation of ...
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How did we get here? Four years of climate change in eight minutes:

 
How did we get here? Four years of climate change in eight minutes - Grist Climate and Energy
Oct 20 · A lot has happened since Donald Trump took office. Here’s one presidential term, as told through climate change.    Read more ...
 

How energy efficiency upgrades can bolster affordable housing:

 
How energy efficiency upgrades can bolster affordable housing - Yale Climate Connections - Energy
Oct 16 · Many U.S. cities are in dire need of affordable housing, and what is available often needs repair. But making buildings more energy efficient can help – taking steps such as updating the windows, caulking, resupplying insulation, and upgrading the HVAC system.
Making efficiency improvements can lower utility bills for renters, says Khalil Shahyd, a senior policy advocate with the Natural Resources Defense Council. And if the utilities are paid by a landlord, that can help them avoid raising the rent.
But many building owners lack the up-front cash required to invest in energy efficiency improvements, so Shahyd says it’s important to have utility and ...
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How Europe’s Small Businesses Are Fighting Climate Change:

 
How Europe’s Small Businesses Are Fighting Climate Change - Bloomberg
Oct 21 · Small businesses are facing a tough choice in the midst of the worst economic crisis in over a century—radically cut greenhouse gas emissions or risk losing their largest clients.
Industry giants including Apple Inc., Microsoft Corp. and Unilever NV have pledged to reduce carbon emissions along their supply chains, which are made up of the kinds of small and medium enterprises that account for over 90% of companies in Europe and employ nearly half of all workers. These firms often don’t have the resources to develop sophisticated climate plans but now,  slowly, organizations are stepping in to help.
We Mean Business, a non-profit that seeks ...
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How extreme weather can affect children:

 
How extreme weather can affect children - Yale Climate Connections - Health
Oct 16 · Hurricanes can cause dangerous floods and other hazards such as downed power lines and shattered windows. In the chaos, young children are particularly vulnerable because they cannot protect themselves.
“Children are completely dependent on adults to make decisions for them and their well-being. This can be especially important when there’s a threat of immediate physical harm, like in the case of extreme weather events,” says Natasha DeJarnett, formerly of the National Environmental Health Association.*
She says very young children like to crawl on the ground and often put things in their mouths. So when floodwaters leave contamination and debris ...
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How some sea slugs keep their ability to carry out plant-like photosynthesis:

 
How some sea slugs keep their ability to carry out plant-like photosynthesis - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 20 · Scientists have shed new light on a relationship between a sea slug and tiny structures called chloroplasts from their food algae that allow the animals to photosynthesise in a similar way to plants. The findings, originally posted on bioRxiv and published today in eLife, add to our understanding of this animal-chloroplast relationship and photosynthetic animals more widely.
The sea slug Elysia timida (E. timida) is typically found living in shallow Mediterranean waters. Similarly to plants, these organisms are able to photosynthesise, meaning they can use sunlight to produce sugar from carbon dioxide and water. The process is enabled by chloroplasts from the alga Acetabularia ...
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How the US could go from climate laggard to climate leader - in 8 simple steps:

 
How the US could go from climate laggard to climate leader - in 8 simple steps - Grist Climate and Energy
Oct 21 · How the U.S. could go from climate laggard to climate leader - in 8 simple steps
Imagine a green future for a hot second (no pun intended). The United States and the rest of the world have taken substantive action to slow (and even reverse) climate change. Crisis averted! You’re probably envisioning a lot of the following: snazzy yet affordable electric cars, smog-free city skylines, and an electrical grid powered by sweet, sweet, renewable energy.
Well, you likely don’t need the staff of Grist to tell you that the nation is nowhere near approaching that eco-friendly dreamscape.
In fact, the U.S. is currently on a path away from that green dream. Bigly. The ...
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I Fully Converted a Home to Electricity. Here's How It Worked - and What It Cost:

 
I Fully Converted a Home to Electricity. Here's How It Worked - and What It Cost - Green Tech Media
Oct 19 · Barry Cinnamon is CEO of California's Cinnamon Energy Systems.***
I’m writing this in San Jose under a Mars-like red sky, with light ash occasionally falling and a faint smell of smoke in the air. Solar output has been down by 60 percent even though the fires burning are at least 50 miles from here.
Some people say this is the new normal. In all likelihood, things will get worse as we experience more extreme weather events and sea levels rise from melting ice sheets. Many people in California are literally powerless since our utility infrastructure is failing to keep pace with the effects of climate change, magnified by our society’s increasing electric power ...
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Immune protein orchestrates daily rhythm of squid-bacteria symbiotic relationship:

 
Immune protein orchestrates daily rhythm of squid-bacteria symbiotic relationship - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 19 · Nearly every organism hosts a collection of symbiotic microbes - a microbiome. It is now recognized that microbiomes are major drivers of health in all animals, including humans, and that these symbiotic systems often exhibit strong daily rhythms. New research led by University of Hawai'i at Manoa scientists revealed that, in the mutually beneficial relationship between with the Hawaiian bobtail squid, Euprymna scolopes, and the luminescent bacterium, Vibrio fischeri, an immune protein called "macrophage migration inhibitory factor" or "MIF," is the maestro of daily rhythms. This finding, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, could provide important clues ...    Read more ...
 

In Alaska, a controversy over an embattled mine has tightened the race:

 
In Alaska, a controversy over an embattled mine has tightened the race
Oct 20 · Orthopedic surgeon Al Gross (left) is running against Sen. Dan Sullivan (R-Alaska) to represent Alaska in the Senate. Credit: Al Gross; Al Drago-Pool/Getty Images
At a Glance:
When Alaska orthopedic surgeon Al Gross told longtime state politician Fran Ulmer early last year that he was considering a run against incumbent U.S. Sen. Dan Sullivan, she told him it was like "mission impossible; you have to be very good to succeed."
"It is really hard to run against a Republican incumbent senator - I should know," said Ulmer, who served as Alaska's lieutenant governor from 1994 to 2002 and as the mayor of Juneau and a state house representative before that. She ran for ...
| By Bob Berwyn    Read more ...
 

In Mississippi, a surprisingly close race for a Trump-tied promoter of fossil fuels:

 
In Mississippi, a surprisingly close race for a Trump-tied promoter of fossil fuels
Oct 20 · Democrat and former U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Mike Espy (left) is running against Cindy Hyde-Smith (R-Miss.) to represent Mississippi in the Senate. Credit: Sylvain Gaboury/Patrick McMullan via Getty Images; Sarah Silbiger/Getty Images
At a Glance:
Given how much Mississippi has to lose from rising seas, more dangerous hurricanes, flooding and drought, climate change might reasonably be a top voting issue.
But in this Gulf Coast state that borders on the lower reaches of the Mississippi River, neither of the two major party candidates vying to represent Mississippi in the U.S. Senate - incumbent Sen. Cindy Hyde-Smith, a Republican, and Mike Espy, a Democrat - ...
| By Bob Berwyn    Read more ...
 

In swing-state Florida, Trump officials tout plan to keep plastics out of oceans:

 
In swing-state Florida, Trump officials tout plan to keep plastics out of oceans
Oct 19 · The Trump administration is outlining plans to reduce plastic pollution in the ocean, touting the new strategy as an example of President Trump’s environmental credentials in the run-up to the election.
“Some want to ban the use of plastics altogether, just as we know in the field of energy some would like to solve global emissions concerns by banning every fossil fuel,” said Mark Menezes, the Energy Department’s deputy secretary.
“In both cases, they’re assuming we must sacrifice economic and material progress in order to be environmentally responsible,” Menezes added. “But we reject that notion and instead have chosen to embrace the power of American ...
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In Wyoming, an ecologist seeks a new niche as a U:

 
In Wyoming, an ecologist seeks a new niche as a U
Oct 19 · Read our COVID-19 research and news.
Merav Ben-David
More than 10 years ago, Merav Ben-David encountered a bureaucratic blizzard when she launched a study of polar bears in Alaska. She had to comply with a host of regulatory policies, obtain permits from regional, federal, and tribal agencies, and plot out the team’s trip through the Artic Ocean. So, days after receiving her U.S. citizenship, the Israeli-born conservation ecologist says she found herself “neck deep” in government affairs.
Now, Ben-David is once again neck deep in governance - but this time, she’s aiming to craft policy, not simply follow it. On 18 August, the University of Wyoming professor won the ...
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Insights into a tiny insect that causes big damage:

 
Insights into a tiny insect that causes big damage - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 20 · The western flower thrips - an invasive insect that's not much bigger than a pinhead - takes a huge bite out of agriculture around the world, racking up billions of dollars' worth of damage on a wide range of food, fiber and ornamental crops each year. Scientists now have a complete genetic blueprint to help them better understand the pest and to find ways to control it. The research fills a significant gap in agricultural science and insect science: It highlights the first genome sequence and analysis for a member of Thysanoptera, an order that contains over 7,000 species of small insects with fringed wings. A journal article on the research was published open-access in BMC Biology ...    Read more ...
 

Institute Professor Emeritus Mario Molina, environmental leader and Nobel laureate, dies at 77:

 
Institute Professor Emeritus Mario Molina, environmental leader and Nobel laureate, dies at 77 - MIT - Global Change
Oct 9 · Suggestions or feedback?
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Interactions within larger social groups can cause tipping points in contagion flow:

 
Interactions within larger social groups can cause tipping points in contagion flow - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 20 · Contagion processes, such as opinion formation or disease spread, can reach a tipping point, where the contagion either rapidly spreads or dies out. When modeling these processes, it is difficult to capture this complex transition, making the conditions that affect the tipping point a challenge to uncover. In the journal Chaos, Nicholas Landry and Juan G. Restrepo, from the University of Colorado Boulder, studied the parameters of these transitions by including three-person group interactions in a contagion model called the susceptible-infected-susceptible model.
In this model, an infected person who recovers from an infection can be reinfected. It is often used to understand ...
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Janet Yellen on carbon tax, fiscal stimulus, stagnation:

 
Janet Yellen on carbon tax, fiscal stimulus, stagnation
Oct 19 · Former Federal Reserve Chair Janet Yellen discusses the need for global governments to employ carbon pricing to address climate change, U.S. fiscal policy, and the risks of secular stagnation. She speaks with Bloomberg's Tom Keene and Lisa Abramowicz on "Bloomberg Surveillance." (Source: Bloomberg)    Read more ...
 

Joe Biden: Cameron Peak, Calwood fires are 'deadly signs' of climate change:

 
Joe Biden: Cameron Peak, Calwood fires are 'deadly signs' of climate change
Oct 19 · Colorado's Cameron Peak and CalWood fires show that climate change poses an "imminent, existential threat to our way of life," Democratic presidential candidate Joe Biden said in a statement Monday as the blazes continued to grow over the Front Range.
The statement was the first time a major party presidential candidate has name-checked the Cameron Peak fire, which has ballooned to more than 203,000 acres since it ignited in August and is now the largest fire in state history. The Calwood Fire in Boulder County ignited Saturday and rapidly grew to nearly 9,000 acres, triggering evacuations for thousands of Jamestown and Boulder County residents.
What we know ...
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Keeping COVID-19 out of classrooms: Open windows, use glass screens in front of desks:

 
Keeping COVID-19 out of classrooms: Open windows, use glass screens in front of desks - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 20 · As the COVID-19 virus continues to spread around the globe, studying aerosol and droplet transport within different environments can help establish effective, physics-informed measures for virus mitigation. One of the most important environments to gain a rapid understanding about COVID-19's spread is inside the school classroom. Flow velocity distribution and particle size are key in aerosol transport, which is one of the main ways COVID-19 spreads, when aerosol particles are released during exhalation, talking, coughing, or sneezing.
In Physics of Fluids, University of New Mexico researchers used computational fluid-particle dynamics to explore aerosol transport within an ...
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Kill Krill: A Base of the Food Chain May Be at Risk:

 
Kill Krill: A Base of the Food Chain May Be at Risk - Haaretz
Oct 18 · Thawing permafrost onland raises tsunami risk, of all things. And: why hominin evolution has a sobering insight for us. All this and more in this week’s Haaretz climate change briefs
Eons after the whale and the snail, humans have noticed the charms of krill. The spiking commercial popularity of the tiny shrimp-like crustaceans is not a good thing. Krill aren’t rock-bottom on the global food chain but they’re pretty close. Themselves dining on phytoplankton, which are microscopic water plants, krill in turn are consumed by a vast array of animalia from bigger shrimp to birds to, famously, baleen whales – and now us.
This augurs ill for the krill, which is increasingly ...
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Kitchen-temperature supercurrents from stacked 2-D materials:

 
Kitchen-temperature supercurrents from stacked 2-D materials - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 21 · Could a stack of 2-D materials allow for supercurrents at ground-breaking warm temperatures, easily achievable in the household kitchen? An international study published in August opens a new route to high-temperature supercurrents at temperatures as "warm" as inside a kitchen fridge.
The ultimate aim is to achieve superconductivity (i.e., electrical current without any energy loss to resistance) at a reasonable temperature.
Toward room-temperature superconductivity
Previously, superconductivity has only been possible at impractically low temperatures, less than -170°C below zero - even the Antarctic would be far too warm!
For this reason, the cooling costs ...
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Large earthquake off Alaska prompts tsunami fears, fleeing:

 
Large earthquake off Alaska prompts tsunami fears, fleeing - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 20 · A magnitude 7.5 earthquake prompted a tsunami warning Monday for a nearly thousand-mile stretch of Alaska's southern coast, with waves over 2 feet at the nearest community as the threat subsided. The quake was centered near Sand Point, a city of about 900 people off the Alaska Peninsula where wave levels late Monday topped 2 feet (0.61 meters), according to the National Tsunami Warning Center. The warning was downgraded to an advisory just over two hours after the quake hit, and was lifted Monday night.
"It was a pretty good shaker here," said David Adams, co-manager of Marine View Bed and Breakfast in Sand Point. "You could see the water kind of shaking and shimmering during ...
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Learning by doing, remotely:

 
Learning by doing, remotely - MIT - Research
Oct 19 · Suggestions or feedback?
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Legacy pollutants found in migratory terns in Great Lakes region:

 
Legacy pollutants found in migratory terns in Great Lakes region - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 21 · Chemicals that haven't been manufactured in the U.S. for years or even decades are still turning up in the bodies of migratory terns in the Great Lakes region, a new study finds. The research focused on three types of compounds: polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and the breakdown products, called metabolites, of dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT).
Scientists discovered all three kinds of chemicals in the organs of over two dozen common terns in breeding grounds along the Niagara River and the shore of Lake Erie. The pollutants were found at various life stages, in chicks, in juveniles and in adults.
Sales of PBDEs, a class of ...
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Light pollution alters predator-prey interactions between cougars and mule deer in western US:

 
Light pollution alters predator-prey interactions between cougars and mule deer in western US - PHYS.ORG - Biology
Oct 19 · A new study provides strong evidence that exposure to light pollution alters predator-prey dynamics between mule deer and cougars across the intermountain West, a rapidly growing region where nighttime skyglow is an increasing environmental disturbance. The University of Michigan-led study, published online Oct. 18 in the journal Ecography, is the first to assess the impacts of light pollution on predator-prey interactions at a regional scale. It combines satellite-derived estimates of artificial nighttime lights with GPS location data from hundreds of radio-collared mule deer and cougars across the intermountain West.
The study found that:
The animal data used in the ...
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Like Southwest Louisiana, FEMA is worn down:

 
Like Southwest Louisiana, FEMA is worn down
Oct 18 · The agency's disaster response capabilities have been compromised by a hellacious combination of natural disasters, COVID-19, and Trumpian understaffing.
9:00 AM
Flooding after Hurricane Laura in Cameron, Louisiana, about 30 miles south of Lake Charles, August 2020
This summer’s furies, Hurricanes Laura in August, Sally in September, and Delta in October, pummeled the same southwest corner of Louisiana. Blue tarps covered the roofs of the places Laura spared. Delta blew them off and flooded anything still standing. After the storm cleared out, area residents flocked to Twitter to complain that the country - especially the national media and FEMA - had forgotten ...
| By Gabrielle Gurley    Read more ...
 

Lily the barn owl reveals how birds fly in gusty winds:

 
Lily the barn owl reveals how birds fly in gusty winds - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 20 · Scientists from the University of Bristol and the Royal Veterinary College have discovered how birds are able to fly in gusty conditions - findings that could inform the development of bio-inspired small-scale aircraft. "Birds routinely fly in high winds close to buildings and terrain - often in gusts as fast as their flight speed. So the ability to cope with strong and sudden changes in wind is essential for their survival and to be able to do things like land safely and capture prey," said Dr. Shane Windsor from the Department of Aerospace Engineering at the University of Bristol.
"We know birds cope amazingly well in conditions which challenge engineered air vehicles of a ...
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London Heathrow unveils rapid pre-flight virus tests:

 
London Heathrow unveils rapid pre-flight virus tests - PHYS.ORG - Technology
Oct 20 · London's Heathrow airport on Tuesday began to roll out paid-for rapid coronavirus testing, with results in one hour, as it seeks to boost demand decimated by the deadly pandemic. The LAMP saliva test, which does not have to be processed in a laboratory, will cost £80 ($102) per passenger and is available initially for passengers flying to Italy and Hong Kong from Terminals two and five.
The COVID-19 test will provide results more quickly than those used by Britain's state-run National Health Service, according to the Heathrow test providers - aviation services company Collinson and logistics firm Swissport.
Passengers will be asked to register online for the test before ...
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Machines to 'do half of all work tasks by 2025':

 
Machines to 'do half of all work tasks by 2025' - BBC
Oct 20 · Half of all work tasks will be handled by machines by 2025 in a shift likely to worsen inequality, a World Economic Forum report has forecast.
The think tank said a "robot revolution" would create 97 million jobs worldwide but destroy almost as many, leaving some communities at risk.
Routine or manual jobs in administration and data processing were most at threat of automation, WEF said.
But it said new jobs would emerge in care, big data and the green economy.
The Forum's research spanned 300 of the world's biggest companies, who between them employ eight million people around the world.
More than 50% of employers surveyed said they expected ...
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Many oil companies support carbon tax: former BP CEO Dudley:

 
Many oil companies support carbon tax: former BP CEO Dudley
Oct 19 · Bob Dudley, Oil and Gas Climate Initiative (OGCI) chairman and former BP Plc chief executive officer, says many oil companies "absolutely" support a carbon tax. He speaks with Bloomberg's Alix Steel and Guy Johnson on "Bloomberg Markets." (Source: Bloomberg)    Read more ...
 

Mathematical model to objectively analyzes the appeal of games:

 
Mathematical model to objectively analyzes the appeal of games - PHYS.ORG - Technology
Oct 20 · Games and the very act of playing have been around since before the cradle of human civilization. However, games have constantly evolved over time, with various rule sets and modes of play falling in and out of favor throughout history. In turn, this implies that people at different times enjoyed different aspects of each game, which may constitute a vivid reflection of the cultural tendencies of each era. Unfortunately, the attractiveness of games is tied to human psychology, and finding objective evidence in topics related to the realm of the human mind is a difficult task. Could there possibly be a way to quantify universal characteristics of games so as to put them under ...    Read more ...
 

Medieval 'witches' graffiti' unearthed by HS2 work:

 
Medieval 'witches' graffiti' unearthed by HS2 work - BBC
Oct 21 · Medieval graffiti associated with warding off evil spirits has been discovered by archaeologists.
A series of lines radiating from a drilled hole were unearthed on two stones at the remains of a church in Stoke Mandeville, Buckinghamshire.
Historians believe the markings are 12th Century "witches' marks" created to protect against spirits by trapping them in an endless line or maze.
The discovery was made in preparation for the building of the HS2 rail line.
Archaeologist Michael Court said it was "a fascinating insight into the past".
The location of one of the stones at the medieval St Mary's Church suggests the markings could have been ...
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Microbial diversity below seafloor is as rich as on Earth's surface:

 
Microbial diversity below seafloor is as rich as on Earth's surface - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 20 · For the first time, researchers have mapped the biological diversity of marine sediment, one of Earth's largest global biomes. Although marine sediment covers 70% of the Earth's surface, little was known about its global patterns of microbial diversity. A team of researchers from the Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), the University of Hyogo, the University of Kochi, the University of Bremen, and the University of Rhode Island delineated the global diversity of microbes in marine sediment. For the study, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Tatsuhiko Hoshino, senior researcher at JAMSTEC, and his colleagues including URI ...    Read more ...
 

Microscopy with undetected photons in the mid-infrared region:

 
Microscopy with undetected photons in the mid-infrared region - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 20 · Microscopy techniques that incorporate mid-infrared (IR) illumination holds tremendous promise across a range of biomedical and industrial applications due to its unique biochemical specificity. However, the method is primarily limited by the detection range, where existing mid-infrared (mid-IR) detection techniques often combine inferior methods that are also costly. In a new report now published on Science Advances, Inna Kviatkovsky and a research team in physics, experimental and clinical research, and molecular medicine in Germany, found that nonlinear interferometry with entangled light provided a powerful tool for mid-IR microscopy. The experimental setup only required near-IR ...    Read more ...
 

Microsoft debuts portable data center to bring cloud computing to remote environments:

 
Microsoft debuts portable data center to bring cloud computing to remote environments - PHYS.ORG - Technology
Oct 21 · Microsoft Corporation has announced on its website the development of a portable data center that can be used to bring cloud computing to remote environments. In their announcement, Microsoft describes their Azure Modular Datacenter (MDC) as a solution for customers who need cloud computing capabilities in both hybrid and challenging environments. They note also that many places around the world still face immense hurdles in connecting to internet services. They claim their new systems will help to overcome those problems in such regions. Microsoft Azure is a cloud computing service that allows customers to build, test, deploy and manage cloud-based applications. With MDC, ...    Read more ...
 

Microsoft, Tiffany help carve out new responsible mining standard:

 
Microsoft, Tiffany help carve out new responsible mining standard - Greenbiz
Oct 21 · Carrizal becomes the first mine to participate in an IRMA audit, signally a new normal for the industry. //Courtesy of IRMA
Not many audits are 14 years in the making. But after almost a decade and a half of creating the most holistic and encompassing mining standard, the Initiative for Responsible Mining Assurance (IRMA) released its first audit of a mine today.
That mine is Carrizal, based in Mexico. It extracts zinc, lead, copper and silver, important minerals for many consumer electronics, jewelry and auto manufacturers. The mine achieved an IRMA Transparency designation, meaning the site was audited by a third party and shared its results about the operation of the ...
| By Jesse Klein    Read more ...
 

Minnesota family saves energy through simple living:

 
Minnesota family saves energy through simple living - Yale Climate Connections - Energy
Oct 16 · David Abazs of Finland, Minnesota, keeps his freezer on the porch.
“It’s because, guess what? It’s zero a lot in northern Minnesota, and so our stuff is frozen without the motor running at all,” he says.
It’s just one of the ways that Abazs and his family save energy at their rural off-grid home and farm. They heat with wood and get water from a well pumped by a windmill. What electricity they do need is generated by solar panels.
Abazs says they live simply, but he does not think of it as a sacrifice.
“I think there’s a lot of joy to be had,” he says.
For example, when it’s time to fetch some frozen ...
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MIT Validates Science Behind New Nuclear Fusion Reactor Design:

 
MIT Validates Science Behind New Nuclear Fusion Reactor Design - Green Tech Media
Oct 20 · A proposed fusion reactor design by Commonwealth Fusion Systems has received a boost after its underlying scientific principles were validated by peer review. CFS, one of two fusion hopefuls that have attracted oil industry interest, published seven papers last month in the Journal of Plasma Physics that appeared to confirm that the company’s theoretical approach could yield real-life results, CEO Bob Mumgaard said in an interview.
The papers summarize about two years of work, including research into using new magnets to contain a fusion plasma — one of the critical challenges in trying to harness the power that fuels the sun and the stars.
“This set of ...
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More precise nitrogen recommendations for corn to help farmers, cut pollution:

 
More precise nitrogen recommendations for corn to help farmers, cut pollution - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 20 · "Around the world, we have a lot of nitrogen pollution from agriculture coming from fertilizers or manure usage," said researcher Charlie White, assistant professor and extension specialist in soil fertility and nutrient management. "And it's not all about farmer mismanagement. A lot of it has to do with a lack of tools available to farmers to accurately predict the correct amount of nitrogen that is needed for crops in any given year."
The complicating factor, White added, is that on average, half of the nitrogen that is taken up by the corn crop is from the mineralization of nitrogen in soil organic matter. Things get even more complicated for farmers who use cover crops, ...
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NASA probe OSIRIS-REx 'boops' asteroid Bennu in historic mission:

 
NASA probe OSIRIS-REx 'boops' asteroid Bennu in historic mission - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 21 · After a four-year journey, NASA's robotic spacecraft OSIRIS-REx briefly touched down on asteroid Bennu's boulder-strewn surface on Tuesday to collect rock and dust samples in a precision operation 200 million miles (330 million kilometers) from Earth. The so-called "Touch-And-Go" or TAG maneuver was managed by Lockheed Martin Space in Denver, Colorado, where at 6:12 pm (2212 GMT) an announcer said: "Touchdown declared. Sampling is in progress," and scientists erupted in celebration.
The historic mission was 12 years in the making and rested on a critical 16 second period where the spacecraft performed a delicate autonomous maneuver to grab its precious payload: at least 60 ...
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NASA probe Osiris-Rex set to 'kiss' asteroid Bennu in historic mission:

 
NASA probe Osiris-Rex set to 'kiss' asteroid Bennu in historic mission - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 20 · After a four-year journey, NASA's robotic spacecraft Osiris-Rex will descend to asteroid Bennu's boulder-strewn surface on Tuesday, touching down for a few seconds to collect rock and dust samples in a precision operation 200 million miles (330 million kilometers) from Earth. Last year, Japan managed with its Hayabusa2 probe to collect some dust from another asteroid, Ryugu, and is now on its way home.
With Osiris-Rex, NASA hopes to collect a much larger sample - at least 60 grams - which it hopes will reveal the original ingredients of the solar system.
The spacecraft, about the size of a large van, is at this moment in position about a kilometer above Bennu, which is ...
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Nasa probe to make daring 'high five' with asteroid:

 
Nasa probe to make daring 'high five' with asteroid - BBC
Oct 19 · An American spacecraft is about to attempt the audacious task of grabbing rock samples from an asteroid.
The Osiris-Rex probe will lower itself on to the 500m-wide object known as Bennu to make a contact that lasts no more than a few seconds.
But in the course of this "high-five" manoeuvre, the spacecraft will deliver a squirt of gas to stir up the surface.
And with luck, Osiris-Rex will catch a couple of handfuls of dust and grit it can bring back to Earth.
The aim is to capture at least 60g, but the scientists and engineers working on the Nasa-led mission are confident the probe can secure a kilo or more.
If that happens, it would represent the ...
| By Jonathan AmosBBC Science Correspondent    Read more ...
 

NASA's Perseverance rover bringing 3-D-printed metal parts to Mars:

 
NASA's Perseverance rover bringing 3-D-printed metal parts to Mars - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 21 · If you want to see science fiction at work, visit a modern machine shop, where 3-D printers create materials in just about any shape you can imagine. NASA is exploring the technique - known as additive manufacturing when used by specialized engineers - to build rocket engines as well as potential outposts on the Moon and Mars. Nearer in the future is a different milestone: NASA's Perseverance rover, which lands on the Red Planet on Feb. 18, 2021, carries 11 metal parts made with 3-D printing. Instead of forging, molding, or cutting materials, 3-D printing relies on lasers to melt powder in successive layers to give shape to something. Doing so allows engineers to play with unique ...    Read more ...
 

National laboratories point to sugars as a key factor in ideal feedstock for biofuels:

 
National laboratories point to sugars as a key factor in ideal feedstock for biofuels - PHYS.ORG - Technology
Oct 20 · Popular wisdom holds that tall, fast-growing trees are best for biomass, but new research by two U.S. Department of Energy National Laboratories reveals the size of trees is only part of the equation. Of equal economic importance, according to scientists from the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), is the amount of sugars that can be produced from the ligno-cellulosic biomass that can be converted into fuels.
In the production of biofuels from woody biomass, feedstocks represent a significant expense with costs incurred for planting, harvesting, and transporting the trees. Growers typically look at ...
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Neural pathway crucial to successful rapid object recognition in primates:

 
Neural pathway crucial to successful rapid object recognition in primates - MIT - Research
Oct 20 · Suggestions or feedback?
Led by Kohitij Kar, a postdoc at the McGovern Institute for Brain Research and Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, the study looked at an area called the ventrolateral prefrontal cortex (vlPFC), which sends feedback signals to the inferior temporal (IT) cortex via a network of neurons. The main goal of this study was to test how the back-and-forth information processing of this circuitry - that is, this recurrent neural network - is essential to rapid object identification in primates.
The current study, published in Neuron and available via open access, is a followup to prior work published by Kar and James DiCarlo, the Peter de Florez ...
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New biofilms study could lead to a more sustainable water industry:

 
New biofilms study could lead to a more sustainable water industry - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 21 · Slightly reducing the amount of disinfectant residuals we use to maintain clean drinking water could deliver significant improvements to water quality while making our drinking water systems more sustainable, according to new research from engineers at the University of Sheffield. In a new study, led by Professor Joby Boxall and Dr. Katherine Fish from the University's Department of Civil and Structural Engineering, the researchers found that using a lower chlorine residual in water is beneficial in supporting the growth of biofilms that have less of an impact on water quality compared to those grown under a higher chlorine residual.
Disinfectant residuals are used to protect ...
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New blackberries: Eclipse, galaxy, and twilight:

 
New blackberries: Eclipse, galaxy, and twilight - PHYS.ORG - Biology
Oct 21 · The best of eastern and western blackberry genetics have been melded to create Eclipse, Galaxy and Twilight, three new blackberry varieties released by the Agricultural Research Service (ARS). ARS' Horticultural Crops Research Laboratory in Corvallis, Oregon, working in cooperation with the Oregon State University Agricultural Experiment Station, has blended the desirable traits of eastern erect-cane blackberries and western trailing blackberries into new varieties with thornless semi-erect canes to fill new niches in the fresh berry market.
Eclipse was the first of the three varieties from these crosses to move from the test fields to final selection. Its name was changed ...
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New CubeSat will observe the remnants of massive supernovas:

 
New CubeSat will observe the remnants of massive supernovas - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 20 · Scientists at CU Boulder are developing a satellite about the size of a toaster oven to explore one of the cosmos' most fundamental mysteries: How did radiation from stars punch its way out of the first galaxies to fundamentally alter the make-up of the universe as it we know it today. Those insights will come from the Supernova Remnants and Proxies for ReIonization Testbed Experiment (SPRITE), a NASA-funded mission led by the Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics (LASP) at CU Boulder.
Scheduled to launch in 2022, the $4 million SPRITE is the latest in LASP's line of little-spacecraft-that-could. This "CubeSat" will measure just over a foot in length and will weigh ...
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New evidence for geologically recent earthquakes near Portland, Oregon metro area:

 
New evidence for geologically recent earthquakes near Portland, Oregon metro area - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 20 · A paleoseismic trench dug across the Gales Creek fault, located about 35 kilometers (roughly 22 miles) west of Portland, Oregon, documents evidence for three surface-rupturing earthquakes that took place about 8,800, 4,200 and 1,000 years ago. The findings, published in the Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, suggest that earthquakes occur about every 4,000 years on the fault. If the full 73-kilometer (45 miles) fault were to rupture, the result could be a magnitude 7.1 to 7.4 earthquake that would pose significant seismic hazard to the Portland metro area, according to Alison Horst and her colleagues.
By comparison, the 1993 Scotts Mills earthquake about 50 ...
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New insight brings sustainable hydrogen one step closer:

 
New insight brings sustainable hydrogen one step closer - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 19 · Leiden chemists Marc Koper and Ian McCrum have discovered that the degree to which a metal binds to the oxygen atom of water is decisive for how well the chemical conversion of water to molecular hydrogen takes place. This insight helps to develop better catalysts for the production of sustainable hydrogen, an important raw material for the chemical industry and the fuel needed for environmentally friendly hydrogen cars. Publication in Nature Energy. For years there has been a heated debate in the literature: how to speed up the electrochemical production of hydrogen on platinum electrodes in an alkaline environment? Chemist Ian McCrum watched from the sidelines and concluded that ...    Read more ...
 

New Research for Week #42, 2020:

 
New Research for Week #42, 2020 - Skeptical Science
Oct 21 · Way back in 2017 the Institute of Physics publication Environmental Research Letters (ERL) published a featured article, Assessing ExxonMobil's climate change communications (1977–2014), by Supran & Oreskes. The article reverberated widely as it exposed a documented pattern of behavior arguably described as perfidious. The authors also apparently touched a nerve. A desperate attempt to steer attention from the main topic at hand ensued in "journal time" (like "bullet time" yet even slower) but has backfired spectacularly.
Years later— measurably more ppm CO2 later— ERL has published a comment by Swarup on the original work, and an immediate follow-up reply by ...
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New York City Is About to Get an Injection of Tidal Power. Is This Time Different?:

 
New York City Is About to Get an Injection of Tidal Power. Is This Time Different? - Green Tech Media
Oct 20 · New York City may be weeks away from seeing tidal power injected onto its local grid.Verdant Power, a 20-year-old tidal energy startup, plans to install a half-scale generator in the East River tidal strait this autumn, adding a small but novel source of generation for a city hungry for renewable energy but with limited means to generate it locally. The Roosevelt Island Tidal Energy (RITE) installation will feature three underwater 35-kilowatt turbines on a single triangular base called a TriFrame.
The RITE project may have bigger implications than the Big Apple's renewables goals.
If the RITE generator is successful, Verdant hopes to get its technology certified by the ...
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New Zealanders vote for climate ambition of Jacinda Ardern and Greens:

 
New Zealanders vote for climate ambition of Jacinda Ardern and Greens
Oct 19 · Jacinda Ardern won a second term as New Zealand leader with a landslide majority, in an endorsement of her government’s net zero emissions goal
Under Jacinda Ardern's administration, New Zealand has sought to play a progressive role in climate negotiations. (Photo: Nato/Flickr)
New Zealand’s voters overwhelmingly endorsed the ambitious climate policies of Jacinda Ardern and her Green coalition partners, in a general election on Saturday.
Ardern’s Labour Party received nearly 50% of the vote and 53% of the seats in parliament, allowing her to govern for a second term without relying on other parties. However, she may still include the Greens in her ...
| By Joe Lo    Read more ...
 

Newly discovered gene may give 'sea pickles' their glow:

 
Newly discovered gene may give 'sea pickles' their glow - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 20 · A new study describes a bioluminescent gene that could be the reason that so-called 'sea pickles,' or pyrosomes, an underwater free-floating colony of thousands of tiny animals, reverberate in blue-green light. If confirmed, the finding would be the first bioluminescent gene identified from a chordate - the group that includes all vertebrates as well as a couple types of invertebrates: sea squirts (including pyrosomes) and lancelets. The research is published today in the journal Scientific Reports. "We know that throughout the tree of life, there are many hundreds of organisms that can produce light and that they do it for a variety of reasons," said co-author Michael Tessler, an ...    Read more ...
 

NGC 1624-2 has a complex magnetospheric structure, observations reveal:

 
NGC 1624-2 has a complex magnetospheric structure, observations reveal - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 21 · Using the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) and Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT), astronomers have investigated a magnetized O-type star known as NGC 1624-2. Results of the study, presented in a paper published October 15 on the arXiv pre-print server, indicate that the star has a complex magnetospheric structure, what could have implications for our understanding of origin and evolution of magnetic fields in massive stars. O-type stars are massive, luminous, blue stars of spectral type O. Astronomers are especially interested in finding and studying O stars exhibiting a detectable surface magnetic field. These objects could be progenitors of exotic objects and transients such as ...    Read more ...
 

Nokia to build moon's first 4G cell network for NASA program:

 
Nokia to build moon's first 4G cell network for NASA program - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 19 · Nokia says it has been tapped by NASA to build the first cellular communications network on the moon. The Finnish telecommunications equipment maker said Monday its Nokia Bell Labs division will build a 4G communications system to be deployed on a lunar lander to the moon's surface in late 2022.
NASA is awarding $370 million to 14 companies to provide technology for the Artemis moon-landing program. The program's aim is to establish a long-term human presence on the moon as a warm-up for missions to Mars.
Nokia released more details of its involvement after an announcement last week by NASA, which said it was giving the company's U.S. unit $14.1 million for the network. ...
    Read more ...
 

Novel medical imaging approach unlocks potential for improved diagnoses and interventions:

 
Novel medical imaging approach unlocks potential for improved diagnoses and interventions - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 20 · Looking for a better solution
"We wanted to take advantage of the fact that the SWIR region provides superior resolution and greater tissue penetration than the near infrared region. It also offers an expanded range of wavelengths allowing for multiple channels separated enough to be detected side by side," says Ellen Sletten, who is professor in the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry at UCLA and shared corresponding author. "Exploring this attribute could prove critical in monitoring multiple parameters simultaneously."
Exploring the potential of a new system
The team designed and synthesized new dyes and characterized their photophysical properties which ...
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October wildfires like Boulder's Calwood fire are unusual and a sign of things to come:

 
October wildfires like Boulder's Calwood fire are unusual and a sign of things to come
Oct 19 · In the past week, three significant fires have ignited in Colorado, joining three other large fires that have burned for months.
As of Oct. 18, the East Troublesome fire had burned through 12,655 acres north of Granby, a popular recreation destination. The Calwood fire, which started around midday on Saturday, Oct. 17, burned through 8,788 acres by Sunday afternoon. And the Lefthand Canyon fire started just to the south of that Sunday afternoon and burned through more than 300 acres.
“We’ve been really concerned about fire danger in Boulder County for a while,” said Mike Wagner, a division chief with the Boulder County Sheriff’s department, in a briefing.
Those ...
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Oil and gas destined to become the new coal as big investors retreat:

 
Oil and gas destined to become the new coal as big investors retreat
Oct 20 · New report from IEEFA finds a brewing storm of major financial institutions divesting from Arctic and oil sand drilling signals a dark future for oil and gas.
A brewing storm of major financial institutions divesting from Arctic and oil sand drilling signals a dark future for oil and gas, finds a new investigation from the Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis (IEEFA).
The investigation, published today, quantifies the scale of shifts among large investors. The World Bank, BPN Paribas, Goldman Sachs, Wells Fargo and Morgan Stanley have been named as announcing formal exits from oil sands and/or arctic drilling practices. This change has been driven mostly ...
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Oil Industry Turns to Mergers and Acquisitions to Survive:

 
Oil Industry Turns to Mergers and Acquisitions to Survive - New York Times - Climate Section
Oct 19 · With the price of a barrel stuck around $40 and no recovery in sight, companies are combining to cut costs and ride out the pandemic.
HOUSTON - The once mighty oil and gas industry is flailing, desperately trying to survive a pandemic that has sharply reduced demand for its products.
Most companies have cut back drilling, laid off workers and written off assets. Now some are seeking out merger and acquisition targets to reduce costs. ConocoPhillips announced on Monday that it was acquiring Concho Resources for $9.7 billion, the biggest deal in the industry since oil prices collapsed in March.
The acquisition, days after the completion of Chevron’s takeover of Noble ...
| By Clifford Krauss    Read more ...
 

Old fishing lines threaten Outer Banks wild foals, who eat them like grass, experts say:

 
Old fishing lines threaten Outer Banks wild foals, who eat them like grass, experts say - PHYS.ORG - Biology
Oct 19 · The wild horses roaming North Carolina's Outer Banks are being endangered by old fishing lines and hooks left on its popular beaches, according to the Corolla Wild Horse Fund. Foals have been found chewing on fishing line as if it were sea grass, the fund reported in a Facebook post.
"We've had a couple close calls in the past weeks with fish hooks. Luckily ... all the horses that had hooks tangled in their manes and in the hair of their lower legs are safe now," herd manager Meg Puckett said in a Facebook post.
"In the past, we've had to remove horses for medical treatment when they've gotten tangled up in fishing line, or even eaten it. ... There are six young horses ...
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Oldest securely dated evidence for a river flowing through the Thar Desert, Western India:

 
Oldest securely dated evidence for a river flowing through the Thar Desert, Western India - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 19 · Using luminescence dating of ancient river sediments, a new study published in Quaternary Science Reviews presents evidence for river activity at Nal Quarry in the central Thar Desert starting from approx. 173 thousand years ago. These findings represent the oldest directly dated phase of river activity in the region and indicate Stone Age populations lived in a distinctly different Thar Desert landscape than we encounter today. Situated at the threshold of the South Asian monsoon, the Thar Desert is an important region for understanding how past environmental change impacted patterns of human migration and adaptation to new habitats. Recent research highlighting the role of the ...    Read more ...
 

Open-source distributed generation market demand model:

 
Open-source distributed generation market demand model - PHYS.ORG - Technology
Oct 20 · After years of development, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has released the open-source dGen model, marking a new era since the model launched in 2016. Public users can access model methodology and instructions, run the code, and receive technical support from the dGen team. dGen simulates customer decisions about adopting and using solar, wind, and storage technologies for residential and commercial entities in the United States through 2050. This simulation helps utility companies and other stakeholders plan for increasing adoption of distributed energy resources (DERs) to understand how much electricity will be needed from the rest of the power ...    Read more ...
 

Oxfam: Rich countries are not delivering on $100bn climate finance promise:

 
Oxfam: Rich countries are not delivering on $100bn climate finance promise - Climate Change News - Finance
Oct 20 · Nearly 80% of climate finance is in the form of loans that must be repaid, adding to the debt burden of the poorest countries, anti-poverty campaigners found
The main square of Nui Island in Tuvalu a month after the passage of Cyclone Pam in 2015 (Photo: Silke von Brockhausen/UNDP/Flickr)
Wealthy nations are giving less money to poorer ones for climate projects than their official statistics make out, according to analysis by Oxfam.
In a report published on Tuesday, the anti-poverty charity found that nearly 80% of climate finance to developing countries took the form of loans, rather than grants. Poor nations were expected to pay richer countries back, often for ...
| By Joe Lo    Read more ...
 

Palau's coral reefs: A jewel of the ocean:

 
Palau's coral reefs: A jewel of the ocean - PHYS.ORG - Biology
Oct 19 · Scientists at the Khaled bin Sultan Living Oceans Foundation (KSLOF) have released their findings on the state of coral reefs in Palau. Their research, based on extensive underwater surveys, found Palau's reefs had the highest live coral cover of all the reefs studied on the Global Reef Expedition, a scientific research mission to assess the health and resiliency of coral reefs around the world. Published today, the Global Reef Expedition: The Republic of Palau Final Report summarizes the Foundation's research on the status of coral reefs and reef fish in Palau and provides conservation recommendations that can help preserve these outstanding coral reefs for generations to come. ...    Read more ...
 

Pandemic casts shadow on off-grid solar sales in poorer nations:

 
Pandemic casts shadow on off-grid solar sales in poorer nations
Oct 19 · BARCELONA (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - As the coronavirus pandemic hit trade and incomes hard in developing nations, sales of off-grid solar products fell sharply in the first half of the year, even as many poorer households relied on them during lockdowns.
Data compiled by GOGLA, the association for the off-grid solar energy industry, found global sales of lighting products fell 26% from the same period in 2019, hitting the lowest volume since 2014 and curbing the sector’s record-breaking growth.
In a report released on Wednesday, GOGLA noted that before the COVID-19 crisis, the off-grid solar industry had expected to see continued expansion, adding to its 370,000 ...
| By Megan Rowling    Read more ...
 

Paper recycling must be powered by renewables to save climate:

 
Paper recycling must be powered by renewables to save climate - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 19 · Recycling paper may only be helpful to the climate if it is powered by renewable energy, according to a new modelling study by researchers at UCL and Yale. The study, published in Nature Sustainability, found that greenhouse gas emissions would increase by 2050 if we recycled more paper, as current methods rely on fossil fuels and electricity from the grid.
However, the researchers found that emissions would radically reduce if paper production and disposal were carried out using renewable energy sources rather than fossil fuels.
Making new paper from trees requires more energy than paper recycling, but the energy for this process is generated from black liquor - the ...
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PG&E shut-offs could hit Livermore, multiple Bay Area counties as fire weather returns:

 
PG&E shut-offs could hit Livermore, multiple Bay Area counties as fire weather returns
Oct 20 · Pacific Gas & Electric Co. said Monday that about 50,000 customers, including some in parts of the Bay Area, could see their power shut off as early as Wednesday evening as utility meteorologists monitored strong winds predicted to sweep through the region.
The company said it had notified customers in Alameda, Contra Costa, Napa, Santa Clara, Solano and Sonoma counties of possible shut-offs. The fire-safety outages will also affect 13 other Northern California counties and two tribal communities.
Outages typically affect only parts of counties because they target high-risk areas. PG&E said the areas most likely to see outages this week include the northern Sacramento ...
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Plans to create 'largest heathland habitat':

 
Plans to create 'largest heathland habitat' - BBC
Oct 21 · A wildlife charity is hoping to buy more than 100 acres of land to return it to a network of heathland habitat.
Dropping Well Farm, in Worcestershire, has been intensively farmed for decades but a £1.4m project aims to create the county's largest block of heathland.
Worcestershire Wildlife Trust said up to 85% had been lost across the UK over the past 150 years.
Heathland habitat must be restored so "wildlife can thrive once again", its chief executive Colin Raven said.
"It epitomises what we're trying to see happen, what we're trying to do to encourage nature's recovery," he added.
"It's about taking land out of agricultural ...
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Poland’s largest utility announces pivot from coal to renewables:

 
Poland’s largest utility announces pivot from coal to renewables - Climate Change News - Energy
Oct 20 · PGE has announced a strategy to go 100% renewable by 2050, but it depends on passing responsibility for coal mines to another Polish state-owned entity
PGE runs this lignite mine in Belchatów (Picture: MaKa)
Poland’s largest utility has said it wants to get rid of its coal assets and invest in renewables, becoming carbon neutral by 2050.
PGE, which is majority state-owned, revealed plans on Monday to transfer its coal mines and power stations to a new state-owned entity. The strategy depends on the Polish government agreeing to manage the coal business and the European Commission giving approval for state aid, which are both uncertain.
“Within a ...
| By Joe Lo    Read more ...
 

Poll: Voters Favor Massive Climate Spending:

 
Poll: Voters Favor Massive Climate Spending - Climate Crocks
Oct 20 · New poll from New York Times/Sienna College.
The headline might be that science is winning.
Seven in 10 voters, including more than half of Republicans, said they wanted to see a new multitrillion-dollar stimulus program that includes government support for citizens and emergency help for state and local governments. There is also widespread public support for a $2 trillion renewable energy and infrastructure package that Mr. Biden has proposed as a form of economic stimulus.

Mr. Biden, if he wins, will find consensus on some of his policy priorities. Two in three voters supported allowing people to buy a health insurance plan through the federal ...
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Precision Ecosystems: An Improved Model for Better Indoor Crops:

 
Precision Ecosystems: An Improved Model for Better Indoor Crops - Sustainable Brands
Oct 19 · The progress of humankind is heavily linked to technological changes in how farming is done. Today, farming in the US faces challenges never before seen that require supplementing traditional agriculture with new approaches.
Ever since farmers first yoked a draft animal to a plow, we have continuously employed new ways of automation to grow more and better food. Technological breakthroughs such as GPS-driven tractors, soil DNA testing, or smart sensors that monitor field conditions are becoming commonplace in today’s industrial agriculture practices.
However, with the population climbing, arable land disappearing, and the atmosphere filling with carbon, feeding the world ...
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Predicting tornadoes on UK cold fronts for the first time:

 
Predicting tornadoes on UK cold fronts for the first time - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 20 · Weather forecasters can more accurately predict when a tornado is likely to hit the UK thanks to a new tool devised in a partnership between the University of Leeds and the Met Office. Around 30 tornadoes occur in the UK each year, 40% of which develop on cold fronts - but a lack of forecasting methods for these conditions means they strike without warning.
Matthew Clark, a Met Office scientist who is currently studying for a Ph.D. at Leeds's School of Earth and Environment, said: "Tornadoes are a relatively common weather hazard on UK cold fronts, but the Met Office have never before had any way of predicting which cold fronts are likely to produce tornadoes, nor did we ...
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Q&A: What touching an asteroid can teach us:

 
Q&A: What touching an asteroid can teach us - PHYS.ORG - Earth
Oct 20 · The University of Arizona-led OSIRIS-REx mission will make NASA's first attempt at collecting a sample from an asteroid on Oct. 20. The sample, which will be returned to Earth in 2023, has the potential to shed light on the origins of life and the solar system. As the spacecraft prepares for its Touch-and-Go, or TAG, maneuver at asteroid Bennu, UArizona News spoke with Dante Lauretta, the mission's principal investigator and a professor of planetary science at the UArizona Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, about the significance of the mission and it impact on science and society.
Q: We often hear that the mission will shed light on the origins of life and the solar system, but ...
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Queensland 2030 climate target would be scrapped if LNP win election as state’s emissions rise:

 
Queensland 2030 climate target would be scrapped if LNP win election as state’s emissions rise - Guardian - Climate Change
Oct 2 · Queensland’s rising greenhouse gas emissions mean the state could miss a 2030 climate target that will be scrapped entirely if the Liberal National party wins the upcoming election, experts say.
The state accounts for 32% of Australia’s total greenhouse gas emissions with a total of 171m tonnes of CO2-e in 2018, according to the latest available national data.
Tim Baxter, a senior researcher at the Climate Council, told Guardian Australia that Queensland’s emissions “are not only the largest in the country, but they are strongly trending upwards”.
Queensland’s outsized contribution to Australia’s national emissions means that any gains or losses in the sunshine ...
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Quibi may have to shut down if buyer not found: report:

 
Quibi may have to shut down if buyer not found: report - PHYS.ORG - Technology
Oct 21 · Quibi, the short video streaming service launched with great fanfare in April, may have to shut down if a buyer isn't found, specialty news site The Information reported Tuesday. Quibi founder and former Disney CEO Jeffrey Katzenberg has tried to sell its catalog of programming to several companies including to NBCUniversal and Facebook - both of which declined, the tech news website reported.
Katzenberg "has told people in the industry that he may have to shut down the company," The Information said, citing a person who spoke to him.
Quibi opened for business in the United States and Canada six months ago as the effects of the novel coronavirus pandemic began to set ...
    Read more ...
 

Radiative cooler that cools down even under sunlight:

 
Radiative cooler that cools down even under sunlight - PHYS.ORG - Technology
Oct 20 · Now that autumn is upon us, there is a large temperature gap between day and night. This is due to the temperature inversion caused by radiative cooling on the Earth's surface. Heat from the sun during the day causes its temperature to rise and when the sun sets during the night, its temperature cools down. Recently, a joint research team from POSTECH and Korea University has demonstrated a daytime radiative cooling effect which exhibits lower temperatures than its surroundings even during the day. Professor Junsuk Rho and Ph.D. candidate Dasol Lee of departments of mechanical engineering and chemical engineering and Professor Jin Kon Kim and Ph.D. candidate Myeongcheol Go in the ...    Read more ...
 

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